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Three Things That Most of Us Are Unaware About Garbage Trucks

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Trucking

Three Things That Most of Us Are Unaware About Garbage Trucks

Patricia Strasser
November 28, 2010

Patricia Strasser
http://upholsterydesigners.com

Garbage trucks are essential for waste management. Garbage trucks have, over the years, changed from being vehicles with the most simple of trash-collecting abilities, to more sophisticated machines with big truck parts and complex systems. Regardless of whether you simply want to know more about garbage trucks or are interested in investing in one, here are some things you should know:

The engine, wheels and frame are the basic parts of a garbage truck

Though there are many garbage trucks having different features, all of them still have the basic engine, frame and wheels. What's impressive about these three heavy-duty components is that they're specifically designed for withstanding immense deal of pressure and carrying a lot of weight. Considering the truck's engine, it usually uses a diesel engine and transmission, which allows low-end revolution, limited movement, and more pulling power and strength. And, of course, every garbage truck has a cab where the driver sits and operates the machine. Most of the time, you will find that a truck's controls are located inside the cab, but there are some trucks that also have special controls on the outside.

The hopper and the packer blade are the distinctive features of the garbage truck

The garbage truck's hopper, a large open space that accounts for most of the vehicle's mass, is where the trash is collected and stored. Some hoppers, however, have separate compartments that can be used to contain different kinds of trash. Hoppers that are equipped with a packer blade are known as compactors. Packer blades are useful for compressing garbage in order to maximize the space in the hopper. The packer blade is controlled by a hydraulic system, so that it can exert the greatest possible pressure on trash. More newly-designed garbage trucks have the ability to run the packer blades while the truck is being driven. The garbage truck's hopper and packer blade are what sets it apart from other vehicles and multipurpose carts.

Alternate methods for loading

There are different configurations in the loading mechanism of garbage trucks. The rear loader is the most common configuration and can be seen in garbage trucks used in many neighborhoods. An opening at the rear that connects to the hopper, as well as a hydraulic lift that is used to haul and dump garbage into the hopper, these are the prime features of these garbage trucks. Other trucks are configured with a front loader, which is ordinarily used for collecting garbage from dumpsters. Usually, this type of garbage truck is used by large or commercial businesses. With front loading trucks, the dumpster is lifted by forks in the front of the vehicle, all the way above the cab to empty into the hopper at the rear of the truck. Furthermore, another type of garbage truck utilizing a side loading mechanism is the side loader, which has one or more hoppers accessible through side doors. Recycling vehicles that segregate different wastes have side loaders with two or more hoppers. Side loaders may also have automatic lift mechanisms.

Like many equipment, garbage trucks are constantly innovated to suit different demands and situations. The more you know about this equipment the better you can take care and fix it.

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