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Toyota Celica

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Celica
Vehicle Model

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Wikipedia: Toyota Celica

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1982 Specifications
1983 Specifications
Merchandise
A sporty coupe produced by Toyota for model years 1971-2006. Toyota's Supra started as a sub-model of the Celica.

Awards and acknowledgements include:
A Complete Guide to Used Cars (1995 Edition) Best Late-Model Bet in the Sporty Coupe category (model years 1986-1993)


History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Toyota Celica page on 20 May 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Toyota Celica (Japanese: トヨタ セリカ Toyota Serika) was an automobile produced by Toyota from 1970 to 2006. The Celica name was ultimately derived from the Latin word coelica meaning "heavenly" or "celestial". In Japan, the Celica was exclusive to Toyota Japanese dealerships Toyota Corolla Store.

Throughout its life span the Celica has been powered by various four-cylinder engines. The most significant change occurred in August 1985, when the car's drive layout was changed from rear-wheel drive to front-wheel drive. During the first three generations, American market Celicas were powered by various versions of Toyota's R series engines. The four-wheel drive turbocharged model called GT-Four worldwide (All-Trac Turbo in the US) was produced from 1986 to 1999. Variable valve timing came in certain Japanese models starting in December 1997, and became standard in all models from 2000-on. Through seven generations, the model has gone through many revisions. It has also spawned design forks that were spun off to become separate models, including the Toyota Celica Supra (later Toyota Supra). The Celica was available as notchback and liftback coupes, as well as a convertible.

First generation (A20, A30; 1970–1977)

Displayed at the October 1970 Tokyo Motor Show and marketed from December of the same year, the Celica was a two-door hardtop coupe that emphasized styling and driving enjoyment based on a platform shared with the Toyota Carina sedan which is one size above the Toyota Corolla. This car was aimed at the North American market and was Toyota's response to the 1964 Ford Mustang (Pony car) which also was a standard sedan (Ford Falcon) with stylized 2+2 bodywork.

Second generation (A40, A50; 1977–1981)

The second-generation Celica was released for 1978 model year (production began in late 1977), and was again available in both coupé and liftback forms. Interestingly, it was designed in the United States by Toyota's Calty Research Design studio in California. The coupe was no longer a true hardtop; both coupé and liftback had frameless door glass but featured a thick "B" pillar. David Stollery was responsible for its design.

From 1979 to 1981 the Griffith company in the US offered a Targa-style convertible conversion to the coupé. They were called the SunChaser and had a removable Targa top and a folding rear roof, much like the '67 Porsche 911 soft-window Targa. These were Toyota approved and sold through Toyota dealers. Over 2000 were produced. In Germany, the same SunChaser version but also a full convertible and a traditional targa with a fixed rear window (called the TX22) were offered. Conversions were Toyota-approved and carried out from mid-1980 by a company called Tropic.

Third generation (A60; 1981–1985)

August 1981 saw the introduction of the third-generation Celica. The car was initially available in notchback coupe and liftback forms with many buyers preferring the liftback. The US-made convertible came in 1984. Styling was changed considerably from previous models and power was provided by a 2.4 L 22R or 22R-E engine in all North American models, while smaller engines were used in other countries. The 2.4 L became the biggest 4-cylinder engine offered in any Celica ever. Other engines were the 1.6-liter 4A, 1.6-liter 2T, 1.8-liter 3T, 1.8-liter 4T, 1.8-liter 1S, 2.0-liter 2S, 2.0-liter 18R-G and 2.0-liter 21R, depending on the particular market. Trim levels for the Japanese market were SV, ST, ST-EFI, SX, GT, and GT Rally. Rack and pinion steering was offered for this generation Celica.

Fourth generation (T160; 1985–1989)

In August 1985 the Celica was changed completely. It was an all-new vehicle with front wheel drive, a rounded, flowing body and new 2.0 L four-cylinder engines. The Celica was no longer built on the Toyota A platform, and instead realigned with the Toyota T platform underpinning the Toyota Corona. The Toyota A platform was now exclusive to the Toyota Supra. The coupe bodystyle in Japan was used only for the Corona coupe, sold only at Japanese Toyota dealerships Toyopet Store without the retractable headlights. An optional feature only offered on the Corona coupe was four-wheel steering, not shared with the Celica during this generation, however, the turbocharged engine on the Celica was not installed in the Corona coupe.

Fifth generation (T180; 1989–1993)

The fifth generation Celica was introduced in September 1989 for the 1990 model year. The Celica received new Super Round organic styling, upgraded wheels and tires, more powerful GT-Four (All-Trac Turbo in the US) with better cooling system, and for the Japanese market only, the four-wheel steering (4WS) models. Toyota engineers claimed that the round styling and lack of straight edges increased strength without adding weight. The styling was later copied by other manufacturers. Japanese market models were now S-R, Z-R, GT-R, Active Sports (first Toyota with Toyota Active Control Suspension), and GT-Four. The S-R and Z-R were powered by a 3S-FE engine, while the GT-R and Active Sports came with a 3S-GE. The 3S-GTE in the GT-Four features an air-to-air intercooler and CT26 twin entry turbo to eliminate exhaust gas interference. The Japanese market GT-Four has 165 kW (221 hp) and 304 N⋅m (224 lb⋅ft) of torque, a result of more aggressive ignition advance and ceramic turbine. The Full-time 4WD system in the GT-Four has viscous coupling limited slip center differential and Torsen rear differential.

Sixth generation (T200; 1993–1999)

In October 1993, Toyota launched the sixth-generation Celica for the 1994 model year. Styling of the new Celicas was acclaimed by most publications as "Supra-esque" with four round headlights, and did also provide a visual resemblance to the Soarer introduced in 1991. Celicas were available in either notchback coupe or liftback form, the convertible would come later. New safety equipment in the form of driver (and then later passenger) airbags were standard, and anti-lock brakes were available on all models. Many Celicas also sported CFC-free air conditioning.

Seventh generation (T230; 1999–2006)

In July 1999, Toyota began production of the seventh-generation Celica, with European sales beginning late that year. It closely resembled the XYR concept with the exception of the front bumper and rear spoiler, while omitting the previously available coupe body style. The 2000 model year Celica was an element of Toyota Project Genesis, an effort to bring younger buyers to the marque in the United States. Toyota took time to lighten the car and lower cost wherever possible. Power window and door lock controls were placed in the center console so only 1 set was necessary for both doors. Initial sunroofs were made of polymer plastic instead of the traditional glass. This generation was assembled by Kanto Auto Works at its Higashi-Fuji plant in Susono, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.


Reference Desk

The Crittenden Automotive Library's "Reference Desk" is a collection of materials that cannot be shared due to copyright restrictions. Information from these resources, however, can be shared. Go to the Reference Desk page for more information.

TypeTitle
2007 BookCelica & Supra: The book of Toyota's sports coupés by Brian Long; Veloce


Photographs

Toyota Celica ST Advertisement ST
View Toyota Celica ST Advertisement - 19.6MB
Toyota Celica ST Advertisement ST
View Toyota Celica ST Advertisement - 15.4MB
Toyota Celica ST Advertisement ST
View Toyota Celica ST Advertisement - 16.8MB
Toyota Celica Advertisement View Toyota Celica Advertisement - 34.5MB
1985 Toyota Celica Tamiya 1985
Tamiya kit
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Summer NNL hosted by GTR Auto Modelers
View photo of 1985 Toyota Celica Tamiya Model - 3,293KB
1985 Toyota Celica Tamiya 1985
Tamiya kit
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Summer NNL hosted by GTR Auto Modelers
View photo of 1985 Toyota Celica Tamiya Model - 3,259KB
1985 Toyota Celica Tamiya 1985
Tamiya kit
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Summer NNL hosted by GTR Auto Modelers
View photo of 1985 Toyota Celica Tamiya Model - 2,794KB
Custom Toyota Celica Custom
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Custom Toyota Celica - 4,984KB
Custom Toyota Celica Custom
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Custom Toyota Celica - 4,401KB
Custom Toyota Celica Custom
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Custom Toyota Celica - 5,304KB


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
classified date 1990SwRI Airbag Deployment Investigation
1990 Toyota Celica
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 4.8MB - 61 pages
classified date 1992Calspan On-Site Nondeployed Air Bag Investigation
Vehicle - 1990 Toyota Celica
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 49.1MB - 92 pages
classified date 1991Airbag Investigation
1991 Toyota Celica 2-door coupe
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 4.9MB - 54 pages
classified date 1993In-Depth Accident Investigation
1991 Toyota Celica 2-door coupe
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 34.7MB - 178 pages
classified date 1993On-Site Air Bag Investigation
1991 Toyota Celica ST
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 7.4MB - 95 pages
November 1997On-Site Adaptive Equipment Investigation
Vehicle - 1992 Toyota Celica
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,269KB - 18 pages
February 1999Redesigned Air Bag Special Study (RABSS)
SCI Technical Summary Report
RABSS Vehicle - 1998 Toyota Celica GT Convertible
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 211KB - 10 pages
June 2005Child Safety Seat Fatality/ Vehicle to Object
2000 Toyota Celica
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2,213KB - 19 pages


1982 Specifications

ModelSupra
0-60 mph*8.9 seconds
80-0 mph*270 feet
Cornering Capability*0.785g
Interior Noise @ 70mph*73 dBA
Fuel Economy*20.0 mpg
*=Test conducted by Road & Track, 1982 Guide to Sports & GT Cars

1983 Specifications

ModelGT-S
0-60 mph*11.8 seconds
80-0 mph*298 feet
Cornering Capability*0.804g
Interior Noise @ 70mph*73 dBA
Fuel Economy*23.0 mpg
*=Test conducted by Road & Track, January 1983 issue

Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Model Kit - MPC 1-0881Toyota Supra1:25 scale, Celica Supra


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