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Jeep CJ-7

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

CJ-7
Vehicle Model

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Wikipedia: Jeep CJ

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A utility vehicle produced by Jeep from 1976-1986. CJ stands for Civilian Jeep.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Jeep CJ page on 12 September 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Jeep CJ-7 featured a wheelbase 10 inches longer than that of the CJ-5, with its curved side entry cutouts partially squared up to accommodate hinged doors. The other main difference between CJ-5 and CJ-7 was to the chassis, which consisted of two parallel longitudinal main c-section rails. To help improve vehicle handling and stability, the rear section of the chassis stepped out to allow the springs and shock absorbers to be mounted closer to the outside of the body. It was introduced for the 1976 model year, with 379,299 built during 11 years of production.

Transmission options included the standard part-time two-speed transfer case, automatic, and an optional new automatic all-wheel drive system called Quadra-Trac. Other features included an optional molded hardtop, and steel doors. The CJ-7 was also available in Renegade and Laredo models. Distinguished by their different body decals, the Laredo model featured highback leather bucket seats, a tilting steering wheel, and a chrome package that included the bumpers, front grill cover, and side mirrors. An optional Trak-Lok rear differential was available, too. Axle ratio was typically 2.73, with 3.13 as an option (standard in high-altitude regions).

The reports of the CJ-7 were different in each type of engine: the 145 cu in (2.4 L) diesel was mated to the 4.10 ratio axle (in both Renegade and Laredo), while the 258 cubic-inch straight six and 150 cubic-inch four-cylinder used 3.73 and AMC V8 304-powered models (produced 1976-1981, which became part of the Golden Eagle version) used the 3.55 ratio axles.

A diesel-powered version was made in the Ohio factory for export only. The engines were provided by General Motors, the owners of Isuzu Motor Cars. Production of this diesel version was between 1980 and 1982. This model had the Isuzu C240 engine, T176 transmission, and Dana 300 transfer case, although reports of some being produced with the Dana 20 exist. Typically, they had 4.1-ratio, narrow-track axles.

From 1976 to 1980, the CJ-7 came equipped with a Dana 20 transfer case, Dana 30 front axle (27- or 31-spline), and a 29-spline AMC 20 rear axle, while later years, Laredo packages added tachometer, chrome bumpers, tow hooks, and interior upgrades including leather seats and clock. In 1980, the Laredo was first fitted with an AMC 20 rear axle until mid-1986, when it was equipped with a Dana 44, and all 1980 and newer CJ-7s came with the Dana 300 transfer case.

The Canadian Army took delivery of 195 militarized versions of the CJ-7 in 1985. These were put into service as a stop-gap measure between the retirement of the M38A1 and the introduction of the Bombardier Iltis. They were codified by the Canadian Forces with the Equipment Configuration Code number 121526.

The CJ-7 continues to be used in the sport of mud racing, with either the stock body or a fiberglass replica. CJ-7 has been successfully and widely used as a favorite for rock crawling, through simple and complex modification. These last Jeeps produced were also highlighted with a factory dash plaque that read, "Last of a Great Breed - This collectors-edition CJ ends an era that began with the legendary Jeep of World War II".


Photographs

Weathered Jeep CJ-7 Model Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
March 8, 2009
View photo of Weathered Jeep CJ-7 Model - 3,089KB
Weathered Jeep CJ-7 Model Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
March 8, 2009
View photo of Weathered Jeep CJ-7 Model - 3,147KB
Weathered Jeep CJ-7 Model Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
March 8, 2009
View photo of Weathered Jeep CJ-7 Model - 3,177KB
Weathered Jeep CJ-7 Model Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
March 8, 2009
View photo of Weathered Jeep CJ-7 Model - 3,102KB
Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 Modified 1983
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
July 10, 2011
View photo of Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 - 2,481KB
Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 Modified 1983
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
July 10, 2011
View photo of Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 - 2,357KB
Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 Modified 1983
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
July 10, 2011
View photo of Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 - 2,326KB
Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 Modified 1983
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
July 10, 2011
View photo of Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 - 2,265KB
Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 Modified 1983
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
July 10, 2011
View photo of Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 - 2,305KB
Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 Modified 1983
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
July 10, 2011
View photo of Modified 1983 Jeep CJ-7 - 1,856KB


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