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Citroën DS

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

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Wikipedia: Citroën DS

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A car produced by Citroën from 1955-1975.


History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Citroën DS page on 24 September 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Citroën DS is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive executive car that was manufactured and marketed by the French company Citroën from 1955 to 1975 in sedan, wagon/estate and convertible body configurations. Italian sculptor and industrial designer Flaminio Bertoni and the French aeronautical engineer André Lefèbvre styled and engineered the car. Paul Magès developed the hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension.

Noted for its aerodynamic, futuristic body design and innovative technology, the DS set new standards in ride quality, handling, and braking—and was the first production car equipped with disc brakes.

Citroën sold 1,455,746 examples, including 1,330,755 built at the manufacturer's Paris Quai André-Citroën production plant.

The DS placed third in the 1999 Car of the Century poll recognizing the world's most influential auto designs and was named the most beautiful car of all time by Classic & Sports Car magazine.

After 18 years of secret development as the successor to the Traction Avant, the DS 19 was introduced on 5 October 1955 at the Paris Motor Show. In the first 15 minutes of the show, 743 orders were taken, and orders for the first day totalled 12,000. During the 10 days of the show, the DS took in 80,000 deposits; a record that stood for over 60 years, until it was eclipsed by the Tesla Model 3 which received 180,000 first day deposits in March 2016.


Photographs

Citroen DS D Super D Super
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
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Citroen DS D Super D Super
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
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Citroen DS D Super D Super
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
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Citroen DS D Super D Super
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
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Citroen DS D Super D Super
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
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Citroen DS D Super D Super
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Citroën DS D Super - 3,563KB
Citroen DS Photo courtesy of Image*After
View photo of Citroën DS - 422KB


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast - Johnny Lightning 501521963 Citroën DS CoupeClassic Gold Collection, small scale, light blue & blue


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