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GMC Envoy

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Envoy
Vehicle Model

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Wikipedia: GMC Envoy

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An SUV produced by GMC for 1998-2000 & 2002-2009.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's GMC Envoy page on 9 September 2019, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The GMC Envoy is a mid-size SUV that was produced by General Motors. It was introduced for the 1998 model year. After the first generation Envoy was discontinued after the 2000 model year, but the Envoy was reintroduced and redesigned for the 2002 model year, and it was available in the GMC line of vehicles from the 2002 to 2009 model years.

The Envoy nameplate had previously used by GM in Canada during the 1960s that was sold only at Chevrolet and Oldsmobile dealers.

1st generation (1998–2000)

The Envoy first hit dealers' lots in 1997 as a 1998 model and was discontinued after the 2000 model-year. It is similar to the Chevrolet Blazer 4-door, the GMC Jimmy 4-door, the Oldsmobile Bravada, and the Chevrolet TrailBlazer. The Envoy was discontinued after the 2000 model year and then was reintroduced and redesigned to replace the Jimmy as GMC's new midsize SUV in 2002. The Bravada was redesigned for 2002 and the TrailBlazer was redesigned for 2002 as well. The Blazer 4-door and the Jimmy 4-door were both discontinued after the 2004 model year and the Blazer 2-door and the Jimmy 2-door were both discontinued after the 2001 model year (the Jimmy was discontinued in Canada after the 2005 model-year). Most of the S-10 and Sonoma trucks which share the same chassis were being discontinued during the 2003, and 2004 model years. So both the Jimmy 2-door and the Jimmy 4-door were both discontinued after the 2001 model-year in the United States & Mexico, and then after the 2005 model-year in Canada.

The Envoy had many extra features not available on the regular Jimmy 4-door including: a remote trunk release, heated driver's and passenger's seats, as well as a Bose sound system. Optional features included: a power sunroof, a panic alarm, an anti-theft system, and a power front driver & passenger seat.

2nd generation (2002–2009)

Envoy replaced the Jimmy name in GMC's lineup in early 2001 for the 2002 model-year. While it still shared a platform with the Chevrolet TrailBlazer, the exterior styling is different. The interior, however, has a more premium appearance. The SLT trim with optional rear LCD, DVD entertainment. The Vortec 4200 straight-6 engine was rated at 270 hp (201 kW) and 275 lb⋅ft (373 N⋅m). This smooth, efficient inline 6 engine was duty tested at WOT for 300k miles before being approved for production, almost 3 years before production started in 2002. Hydroformed and a fully boxed frame encompasses the GMT-360 platform and it employs either an AWD or a 4x4 Shift On-Demand electrically actuated system with 2hi, A4wd, 4hi, and a 2.69:1 4lo reduction ratio. Owners can opt for the automatic rear locking Eaton differential or a standard rear Posi-trac LSD. The venerable 4L60e routes power to the back with rear differential gears varying from 3.23-3.42-3.73-4.10. Twintube Bilstein shock absorbers dampen the IFS up front and the 5-link coil sprung rear solid axle or opt for GM's Auto-ride air suspension. While the 2003 model received a small boost to 275 hp (205 kW). This rating grew to 291 hp (217 kW) for the 2006 model year with a redesign of the Vortec 4200. All models in the line-up have 4-wheel disc brakes. A Displacement on Demand 5.3 L V8 was optional only on the Envoy Denali beginning in 2005. The articulating headrests were discontinued, and made no longer available beginning for the 2003 model year for both the Envoy and the Envoy XL.


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
July 2002On-Site Advanced Occupant Protection Systems Investigation
2002 GMC Envoy 4x2 Four-door Sport Utility Vehicle
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 725KB - 22 pages
January 2003SCI/NASS Combination Case Report
Vehicle - 2002 GMC Envoy
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,066KB - 12 pages
January 2003Veridian On-Site Side Impact Inflatable Occupant Protection Investigation
SCI Technical Summary Report
Vehicle - 2002 GMC Envoy
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,605KB - 22 pages
October 2004On-Site Child Safety Seat Investigation
Vehicle - 2002 GMC Envoy
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 927KB - 24 pages
August 2009Calspan On-Site Child Restraint System Crash Investigation
Vehicle: 2002 GMC Envoy
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 654KB - 25 pages
classified date 2003Special Crash Investigation Report
Case Vehicle: 2002 GMC Envoy, 4-door, 4x4 SUV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 11.4MB - 136 pages
May 2004On-Site Advanced Occupant Protection System Investigation
Vehicle - 2004 GMC Envoy
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 603KB - 16 pages
March 2008On-Site Child Safety Seat Investigation
Vehicle - 2004 GMC Envoy
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 347KB - 15 pages
August 2005On-Site Certified Advanced 208-Compliant Vehicle Investigation
Vehicle - 2005 GMC Envoy XUV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 678KB - 22 pages
July 2008On-Site Rollover Investigation
2006 GMC Envoy
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,042KB - 23 pages
October 2010On-Site Rollover Investigation
Vehicle - 2008 GMC Envoy
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 838KB - 28 pages
2012Representative Letter
General Motors LLC
NHTSA Recall 12V459000

PDF
- 21KB - 2 pages


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