Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
Official Site: FIA.com
Wikipedia: Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile page on 13 September 2019, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA; English: International Automobile Federation) is an association established on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. To the general public, the FIA is mostly known as the governing body for many auto racing events. The FIA also promotes road safety around the world.
Headquartered at 8 Place de la Concorde, Paris, the FIA consists of 246 member organisations in 145 countries worldwide. Its current president is Jean Todt.
The FIA is generally known by its French name or initials, even in non-French-speaking countries, but is occasionally rendered as International Automobile Federation.
Its most prominent role is in the licensing and sanctioning of Formula One, World Endurance Championship, World Rally Championship and various forms of sports car and touring car racing. The FIA along with the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) also certify land speed record attempts. The International Olympic Committee provisionally recognized the federation in 2011, and granted full recognition in 2013.
The Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: 'International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs') was founded in Paris on 20 June 1904, as an association of national motor clubs. The association was designed to represent the interests of motor car users, as well as to oversee the burgeoning international motor sport scene. In 1922, the AIACR delegated the organisation of automobile racing to the Commission Sportive Internationale (CSI), which would set the regulations for international Grand Prix motor racing. The European Drivers' Championship was introduced in 1931, a title awarded to the driver with the best results in the selected Grands Prix. Upon the resumption of motor racing after the Second World War, the AIACR was renamed the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. The FIA established a number of new racing categories, among them Formulas One and Two, and created the first World Championship, the Formula One World Drivers' Championship, in 1950.
The CSI determined the regulations for holding Grands Prix and selected the races that formed part of the World Championships – a World Sportscar Championship was established in 1953 – but the organisers of the individual races were responsible for accepting entries, paying prize money, and the general running of each event. In Formula One, this led to tension between the teams, which formed themselves into the Formula One Constructors Association (FOCA) founded in 1974, event organisers and the CSI. The FIA and CSI were largely amateur organisations, and FOCA under the control of Bernie Ecclestone began to take charge of various aspects of organising the events, as well as setting terms with race organisers for the arrival of teams and the amount of prize money. This led to the FIA President Prince Metternich attempting to reassert its authority by appointing Jean-Marie Balestre as the head of the CSI, who promptly reformed the committee into the autonomous Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile (FISA).
Under Balestre's leadership FISA and the manufacturer-backed teams became involved in a dispute with FOCA (named the "FISA–FOCA war"). The conflict saw several races being cancelled or boycotted, and large-scale disagreement over the technical regulations and their enforcement. The dispute and the Concorde Agreement that was written to end it, would have significant ramifications for the FIA. The agreement led to FOCA acquiring commercial rights over Formula One, while FISA and the FIA would have control over sport's regulations. FOCA chief Bernie Ecclestone became an FIA Vice-President with control over promoting the FIA's World Championships, while FOCA legal advisor and former March Engineering manager Max Mosley would end up becoming FISA President in 1991. Mosley succeeded Balestre as President of the FIA in 1993 and restructured the organisation, dissolving FISA and placing motor racing under the direct management of the FIA.
Following the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, which saw the deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger, the FIA formed an Expert Advisory Safety Committee to research and improve safety in motor racing. Chaired by Formula One medical chief Professor Sid Watkins, the committee worked with the Motor Industry Research Association to strengthen the crash resistance of cars and the restraint systems and to improve the drivers personal safety. The recommendations of the committee led to significantly more stringent crash tests for racing vehicles, new safety standards for helmets and race suits, and the eventual introduction of the HANS device as compulsory in all international racing series. The committee also worked on improving circuit safety. This led to a number of changes at motor racing circuits around the world, and the improvement of crash barriers and trackside medical procedures.
The FIA was a founder member of the European New Car Assessment Programme, a car safety programme that crash-tests new models and publishes safety reports on vehicles. Mosley was the first chairman of the organisation. The FIA later helped establish the Latin NCAP and Global NCAP.
|19 January 2005||Formula 1: International Automobile Federation Signes Deal with Ferrari||VOA Sports|
|7 April 2005||Formula One Teams to Boycott Meeting with IAF Chief||VOA Sports|
|14 July 2005||FIA Backs Down in Tire Dispute||VOA Sports|
|30 May 2007||FIA To Investigate McLaren's Victory||Anthony Fontanelle|
|26 July 2007||FIA clears McLaren of allegations by Ferrari||Wikinews|
|28 July 2007||Ferrari Furious Over FIA Verdict||Anthony Fontanelle|
|4 August 2007||Fernando Alonso y McLaren, sancionados por la FIA||Wikinoticias|
|7 September 2007||FIA Letter Puts McLaren Back Into 'Spy Scandal' Hype||Anthony Fontanelle|
|13 September 2007||McLaren Fined in Formula-1 Scandal||Tendai Maphosa|
|21 September 2007||Resi pubblici i verbali degli interrogatori della FIA||Wikinotizie|
|5 December 2007||Renault Faces Hearing on Spy Case||VOA Sports|
|6 December 2007||Renault Avoids Penalty in Spy Case||VOA Sports|
|7 December 2007||FIA Delays Action in McLaren Spy Case||VOA Sports|
|12 December 2008||FIA lays out cost cutting measures for Formula One||Wikinews|
|20 March 2009||La FIA propone retrasar el cambio de puntuación en la Fórmula 1 a 2010||Wikinoticias|
|25 June 2009||Timovi traže neutralnu osobu na čelu FIA||Викивести|
|31 August 2009||Reports suggest probe into Formula One race-fixing allegations||Wikinews|
|8 March 2011||FIA Sets May 1 Deadline For Bahrain to Reschedule Its Grand Prix||VOA Breaking News|
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