|Wikipedia: Hells Angels|
The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Hells Angels page on 27 March 2020, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
The Hells Angels Motorcycle Club (HAMC) is a worldwide one-percenter motorcycle club whose members typically ride Harley-Davidson motorcycles.
In May 2019, a court in Utrecht issued a verdict that made the Netherlands the first country to completely ban the Hells Angels; other countries such as Germany had banned local chapters, but never before the entire club. The United States Department of Justice considers the club to be an organized crime syndicate. In the United States and Canada, the Hells Angels are incorporated as the Hells Angels Motorcycle Corporation. Common nicknames for the club are the "H.A.", "Red & White", "HAMC" and "81".
The Hells Angels were originally started by American World War II immigrants, the Bishop family, on March 17 of 1948 in Fontana, California; shortly after which, they subsumed an amalgamation of former members of other motorcycle clubs, such as the Pissed Off Bastards of Bloomington, which had been formed by veterans of the war. If the Hells Angels' own website is to be believed, the received suggestion is unfounded that the former troops to join the club included misfits and malcontents. The website also notes that the name was first suggested by an associate of the founders named Arvid Olsen, who had served in the "Hell's Angels" squadron of the Flying Tigers in China during World War II. It is at least clear that the name was inspired by the tradition from World Wars I and II whereby the Americans gave their squadrons fierce, death-defying titles; an example of this lies in one of the three P-40 squadrons of Flying Tigers fielded in Burma and China, which was dubbed "Hell's Angels". In 1930, the Howard Hughes film Hell's Angels showcased extraordinary and dangerous feats of aviation, and it is believed that the World War II groups who used that name based it on the film.
Some of the early history of the HAMC is not clear, and accounts differ. According to Ralph "Sonny" Barger, founder of the Oakland charter, early charters of the club were founded in San Francisco, Gardena, Fontana, Oakland and elsewhere, with the members usually being unaware that there were other clubs. One of the lesser-known clubs existed in North Chino/South Pomona, in the late 1960s.
Other sources claim that the Hells Angels in San Francisco were organized in 1953 by Rocky Graves, a Hells Angel member from San Bernardino ("Berdoo"), implying that the "Frisco" Hells Angels were very much aware of their forebears. The "Frisco" Hells Angels were reorganized in 1955 with thirteen charter members, Frank Sadilek serving as President, and using the smaller, original logo. The Oakland charter, at the time headed by Barger, used a larger version of the "Death's Head" patch nicknamed the "Barger Larger", which was first used in 1959. It later became the club standard.
The Hells Angels are often depicted in semi-mythical romantic fashion like the 19th-century James–Younger Gang: free-spirited, iconic, bound by brotherhood and loyalty. At other times, such as in the 1966 Roger Corman film The Wild Angels, they are depicted as violent and nihilistic, little more than a violent criminal gang and a scourge on society.
The club became prominent within, and established its notoriety as part of the 1960s counterculture movement in San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury scene, playing a part at many of the movement's seminal events. Members were directly connected to many of the counterculture's primary leaders, such as Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters, Allen Ginsberg, Jerry Garcia and the Grateful Dead, Timothy Leary, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Mick Farren and Tom Wolfe. Writing a book about the club launched the career of "Gonzo" journalist Hunter S. Thompson.
In 1973, members from several branches of the organization protested at an Environmental Protection Agency hearing about a proposed transportation plan that included restrictions on motorcycle use and sales to get California to meet the new Clean Air Act standards.
|Date||Document Name & Details||Documents|
|10 October 2017|
|United States of America v. Jonathan Joseph Nelson, Raymond Michael Foakes, Russell Allen Lyles, Jr. et al.|
United States District Court, Northern District of California, San Francisco Division
PDF - 1.9MB - 17 pages
|30 June 2001||True story of Jerry Garcia and the Hells Angels||John Clark|
|6 April 2007||Forty Hells Angels locations in Canada raided by police||Wikinews|
|29 September 2011||Thirty-Six Defendants with Ties to Hells Angels Motorcycle Club Charged in Federal Drug Conspiracy Investigation||FBI San Diego Division|
|18 October 2011||San Diego Police Arrest Hells Angels Motorcycle Club Associate Charged in Federal Drug Conspiracy Investigation||FBI San Diego Division|
|23 February 2012||Mongols Motorcycle Gang Member Convicted of Murdering President of San Francisco Hells Angels||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Northern District of California|
|27 April 2012||Hells Angel Sentenced to 15 Years in Federal Prison on Firearm Charge||U.S. Attorney’s Office, District of Rhode Island|
|15 May 2012||Mongols Motorcycle Gang Member Sentenced to Life in Prison for Murdering President of San Francisco Hells Angels||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Northern District of California|
|3 December 2012||Hells Angels Sergeant at Arms Sentenced to Over 21 Years||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Southern District of California|
|4 January 2013||Hells Angels Member Diamond Dan Bifield Pleads Guilty to Federal Racketeering Conspiracy||U.S. Attorney’s Office, District of South Carolina|
|25 March 2013||Drug Trafficker Linked to Hells Angels Sentenced to 21 Years||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Southern District of California|
|13 February 2015||Leader of Salem Hells Angels Pleads Guilty to Federal Crimes in Connection with Brutal Assault||U.S. Attorney’s Office, District of Massachusetts|
|6 July 2015||Former Hell’s Angels Associate Pleads Guilty||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of New York|
|8 February 2016||Former Hell’s Angels Associate Sentenced For Destroying Evidence||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of New York|
|7 March 2016||Major Investigation Involving Hells Angels Concludes With Conviction Of Hells Angels President||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of New York|
|24 May 2016||Rochester Hell’s Angel Sentenced For Baseball Bat Beating||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of New York|
|22 September 2017||Two Bandidos Plead Guilty to Federal Charges in Connection with the Murder of Hells Angel Anthony Benesh in 2006||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of Texas|
|25 September 2017||Third Bandido Pleads Guilty to Federal Charge in Connection with the Murder of Hells Angel Anthony Benesh in 2006||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of Texas|
|27 September 2017||Fourth Bandido Pleads Guilty to Federal Charge in Connection with the Murder of Hells Angel Anthony Benesh in 2006||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of Texas|
|20 November 2017||Members Of Sonoma Motorcycle Gang Charged With Murder, Racketeering Conspiracy, And Related Crimes||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Northern District of California|
|21 November 2017||FBI, CHP, Santa Rosa Police Department Seek Information on Wanted Fugitive||FBI San Francisco|
|23 January 2018||Lexington County Hells Angel Pleads Guilty to Murder for Hire of Ex-Wife||U.S. Attorney’s Office, District of South Carolina|
|23 February 2018||FBI Seeks Fugitive Wanted in Connection with an Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Investigation||FBI New York|
|25 April 2018||Lexington County Hells Angel Sentenced to the Statutory Maximum of 10 years in prison for Murder for Hire of Plot||U.S. Attorney’s Office, District of South Carolina|
|14 May 2019||Hells Angels "Full Patch" Member Facing 5-40 Years in Prison on Drug Trafficking, Firearm Charges||U.S. Attorney’s Office, District of Rhode Island|
|25 June 2019||President of Modesto Hells Angels Chapter Among Four Defendants Charged in Drug Conspiracy||U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of California|
|30 October 2019||Anchorage Hells Angel and Wife Sentenced to Federal Prison for Drug Trafficking||U.S. Attorney’s Office, District of Alaska|
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