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MG MGB

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

MGB
Vehicle Model

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Wikipedia: MG MGB

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History
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A sports car produced by MG from 1962-1980.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's MG MGB page on 6 May 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The MGB is a two-door sports car manufactured and marketed by the British Motor Corporation (BMC), later British Leyland, as a four-cylinder, soft-top roadster from 1962 until 1980. Its details were first published on 19 September 1962. Variants include the MGB GT three-door 2+2 coupé (1965–1980), the six-cylinder roadster and coupé MGC (1967–69), and the eight-cylinder 2+2 coupé, the MGB GT V8 (1973–76).

Replacing the MGA in 1962, production of the MGB and its variants continued until 1980. Sales for the MGB, MGC and MGB GT V8 combined totaled 523,836 cars. The MGB bodyshell was reprised in modified form with a limited run of 2,000 MG RV8 roadsters (1993–95).

In structure the MGB was an innovative, modern design in 1962, utilizing a monocoque structure instead of the traditional body-on-frame construction used on both the MGA and MG T-types and the MGB's rival, the Triumph TR series. However components such as brakes and suspension were developments of the earlier 1955 MGA with the B-Series engine having its origins in 1947. The lightweight design reduced manufacturing costs while adding to overall vehicle strength. Wind-up windows were standard, and a comfortable driver's compartment offered plenty of legroom. A parcel shelf was fitted behind the seats.

The MGB achieved a 0–60 mph (97 km/h) time of just over 11 seconds. The three-bearing 1,798 cc B-Series engine produced 95 hp (71 kW) at 5,400 rpm – upgraded in October 1964 to a five-bearing crankshaft. The majority of MGBs were exported to the US. In 1975 US-market MGB engines were de-tuned to meet emission standards, ride height was increased by an inch (25 mm), and distinctive rubber bumpers were fitted to meet bumper standards.

The MGB was one of the first cars to feature controlled crumple zones designed to protect the driver and passenger in a 30 mph (48 km/h) impact with an immovable barrier (200 ton). Nevertheless, the British AA motoring association has described the car, like many other classic models, as much less safe than modern cars. The issue received public attention following a 2013 case in which a driver in a hired 1963 MGB was killed in a collision with a taxi.

A limited production of 2,000 units of the RV8 was produced by Rover in the 1990s. Despite the similarity in appearance to the roadster, the RV8 had less than 5% parts interchangeability with the original car.


Photographs

1963 MG MGB 1963
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Donald Dickey
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1963 MG MGB - 283KB
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1963 MG MGB 1963
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Nowell Korey
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1963 MG MGB - 226KB
Creative Commons License
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1964 MG MGB 1964
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Gary Fairbrother
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1964 MG MGB - 227KB
Creative Commons License
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1964 MG MGB 1964
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Bill Shields
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1964 MG MGB - 254KB
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License.
1964 MG MGB 1964
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Scott Fohrman
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1964 MG MGB - 245KB
Creative Commons License
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1964 MG MGB 1964
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Mike Kusch
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1964 MG MGB - 189KB
Creative Commons License
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1964 MG MGB 1964
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by John Targett
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1964 MG MGB - 236KB
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1965 MG MGB 1965
Photo © Bill Crittenden
Richmond, llinois Cruise Night:  June 13, 2008 View photo of 1965 MG MGB - 4,141KB
1965 MG MGB 1965
Photo © Bill Crittenden
Richmond, llinois Cruise Night:  June 13, 2008 View photo of 1965 MG MGB - 4,224KB
1965 MG MGB 1965
Photo © Bill Crittenden
Richmond, llinois Cruise Night:  June 13, 2008 View photo of 1965 MG MGB - 3,221KB
1965 MG MGB 1965
Photo © Bill Crittenden
Richmond, llinois Cruise Night:  June 13, 2008 View photo of 1965 MG MGB - 3,708KB
1965 MG MGB 1965
Photo © Bill Crittenden
Richmond, llinois Cruise Night:  June 13, 2008 View photo of 1965 MG MGB - 3,211KB
1965 MG MGB 1965
Photo © Bill Crittenden
Richmond, llinois Cruise Night:  June 13, 2008 View photo of 1965 MG MGB - 4,807KB
1965 MG MGB 1965
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Bob Fairbanks
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1965 MG MGB - 223KB
Creative Commons License
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1966 MG MGB 1966
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Norm Sippel
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1966 MG MGB - 242KB
Creative Commons License
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1966 MG MGB 1966
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Doug Schirripa
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1966 MG MGB - 222KB
Creative Commons License
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1966 MG MGB GT 1966 GT
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Basil O'Connor
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1966 MG MGB GT - 214KB
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1967 MG MGB 1967
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Larry Hoy
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1967 MG MGB - 159KB
Creative Commons License
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1968 MG MGB GT 1968 GT
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Alan Costich
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1968 MG MGB GT - 219KB
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1969 MG MGB 1969
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Bill Slota
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1969 MG MGB - 273KB
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1970 MG MGB GT 1970 GT
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Barton Miller
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1970 MG MGB GT - 238KB
Creative Commons License
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1972 MG MGB 1972
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Dick Moritz
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1972 MG MGB - 232KB
Creative Commons License
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1972 MG MGB GT-V8 1972 GT-V8
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Les Gonda
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1972 MG MGB GT-V8 - 225KB
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1972 MG MGB GT-V8 1972 GT-V8 (#02)
1973 GT-V8 (#86)

2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
#02 Driven by Les Gonda
#86 Driven by Keith Burnett
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1972 MG MGB GT-V8 - 273KB
Creative Commons License
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1973 MG MGB GT-V8 1973 GT-V8
2004 Zippo United States Vintage Grand Prix
Driven by Keith Burnett
Photo by Nathan Bittinger
View photo of 1972 MG MGB GT-V8 - 233KB
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License.
1973 MG MGB Race Car 1973
SCCA GP & VH Class

Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1973 MG MGB Race Car - 4.4MB
1973 MG MGB Race Car 1973
SCCA GP & VH Class

Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1973 MG MGB Race Car - 4.2MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Nostalgia Auto Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 2.5MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Nostalgia Auto Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 2.0MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Nostalgia Auto Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 2.7MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Nostalgia Auto Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 2.6MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Nostalgia Auto Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 2.0MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Nostalgia Auto Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 2.8MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Nostalgia Auto Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 2.4MB
Purple MGB GT GT
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
View photo of MG MGB GT - 528KB
Purple MGB GT GT
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
View photo of MG MGB GT - 527KB
Purple MGB GT GT
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
View photo of MG MGB GT - 552KB
MG MGB Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
View photo of MG MGB - 2.3MB
MG MGB Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
View photo of MG MGB - 2.0MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2018 Bill Crittenden
2018 Gilberts Spring Car Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 3.0MB
1978 MG MGB 1978
Photo ©2018 Bill Crittenden
2018 Gilberts Spring Car Show
View photo of 1978 MG MGB - 3.9MB
MGB Limousine Custom Limousine
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
British Car Swap Meet, Wheaton, Illinois
February 24, 2008
View photo of MG MGB Limousine - 313KB
MGB Limousine Custom Limousine
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
British Car Swap Meet, Wheaton, Illinois
February 24, 2008
View photo of MG MGB Limousine - 263KB
MGB Limousine Custom Limousine
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
British Car Swap Meet, Wheaton, Illinois
February 24, 2008
View photo of MG MGB Limousine - 249KB
MGB Limousine Custom Limousine
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
British Car Swap Meet, Wheaton, Illinois
February 24, 2008
View photo of MG MGB Limousine - 228KB
1983 Dobi MGB Advertisement 1983 Dobi Advertisement
View 1983 Dobi MGB Advertisement - 1.6MB


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