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NHTSA NCAP Modified Compact Car Side Structure Testing: 1976 Plymouth Volare Impacted by 1978 Chevrolet Impala

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Vehicle:  Plymouth Volare, Chevrolet Impala

NHTSA NCAP Modified Compact Car Side Structure Testing: 1976 Plymouth Volare Impacted by 1978 Chevrolet Impala

Car-to-car, front-to-side 60° oblique impact testing of a 1978 Chevrolet Impala striking the driver side of a stationary 1976 Plymouth Volare.  Performed by Calspan in a report released April 1980.
Reports
Modified Compact Car Side Structure Testing: Car-to-Car Front-to-Side 60° Oblique: 1976 Plymouth Volare Impacted by 1978 Chevrolet Impala - 29.2MB - 353 pages

Page Sections
Test Information
Vehicle 1: 1978 Chevrolet Impala
Vehicle 2: 1976 Plymouth Volare
Instrumentation Data
Video


Test Information

Test No.:2
Contract or Study Title:MODIFIED COMPACT CAR TEST
Test Performer:CALSPAN
Test Reference No.:885T4455
Test Type:MODIFIED VEHICLE TEST
Test Configuration:VEHICLE INTO VEHICLE
Closing Speed (kph):48.10
Impact Angle (degrees):300
Offset Distance (mm): 
Version No.:1
Test Objectives:ASSESS PERFORMANCE OF MODIFICATION TO SIDE STRUCTURE OF PLYMOUTH VOLAR
Test Date:8/17/1979
Contract No.:DOT-HS-8-01938
Test Track Surface:CONCRETE
Test Track Condition:DRY
Ambient Temperature (degrees Celsius):23
Type of Recorder:FM TAPE RECORDER
Total No. of Curves:68
Test Commentary:NO COMMENTS


Vehicle 1: 1978 Chevrolet Impala

Vehicle No.:1
Vehicle Make:CHEVROLET
Vehicle Model:IMPALA
Model Year:1978
Engine Type:V8 INLINE FRONT
Engine Displacement (liters):5
Vehicle Test Weight (Kgrams):1783
Vehicle Length (mm):5387
Vehicle Width (mm):1930
NHTSA Number: 
Body Type:FOUR DOOR SEDAN
Vehicle Identification No.: 
Transmission Type:AUTOMATIC - REAR WHEEL DRIVE
Vehicle Center of Gravity Distance Behind Front Axle (mm):1275
Steering Column Shear Capsule Separation:NOT APPLICABLE
Steering Column Collapse Mechanism:NONE
Vehicle Modification Indicator:PRODUCTION VEHICLE
Description of Vehicle Modification: 
Vehicle Speed (kph):48.10
Crabbed Angle (degrees):0
Principal Direction of Force (degrees):330
Bumper Engagement:NOT APPLICABLE
Sill Engagement:NOT APPLICABLE
A-Pillar Engagement:NOT APPLICABLE
Vehicle Damage Index (Collision Deformation Classification):11FLME1
Angle of Moving Test Cart (degrees):0
Vehicle Orientation of Moving Cart (degrees):0
Total Length of Indentation:914
Distance between Center of Damaged area and C.G. Axis (mm):2184
Maximum Crush Distance:203
Vehicle Commentary:NO COMMENTS
Damage Profile Distances One:0
Damage Profile Distances Two:102
Damage Profile Distances Three:140
Damage Profile Distances Four:203
Damage Profile Distances Five:0
Damage Profile Distances Six:0
Pre-test - Total Length of Vehicle at Centerline: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Front of Engine: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Leading Edge of Right Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Leading Edge of Left Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Leading Edge of Right Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Leading Edge of Left Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Trailing Edge of Right Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Trailing Edge of Left Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Trailing Edge of Right Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Trailing Edge of Left Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Bottom of A Post of Right Side: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Bottom of A Post of Left Side: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall Right Side: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall Left Side: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Steering Column: 
Pre-test - Center of Steering Column to A Post: 
Pre-test - Center of Steering Column to Headliner: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Right Side of Front Bumper: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Left Side of Front Bumper: 
Pre-test - Length of Engine Block: 
Post-test - Total Length of Vehicle at Centerline: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Front of Engine: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Leading Edge of Right Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Leading Edge of Left Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Leading Edge of Right Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Leading Edge of Left Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Trailing Edge of Right Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Trailing Edge of Left Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Trailing Edge of Right Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Trailing Edge of Left Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Bottom of A Post of Right Side: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Bottom of A Post of Left Side: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall Right Side: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall Left Side: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Steering Column: 
Post-test - Center of Steering Column to A Post: 
Post-test - Center of Steering Column to Headliner: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Right Side of Front Bumper: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Left Side of Front Bumper: 
Post-test - Length of Engine Block: 


Vehicle 2: 1976 Plymouth Volare

Vehicle No.:2
Vehicle Make:PLYMOUTH
Vehicle Model:VOLARE
Model Year:1976
Engine Type:STRAIGHT 6 INLINE FRONT
Engine Displacement (liters):3.70
Vehicle Test Weight (Kgrams):1737
Vehicle Length (mm):5110
Vehicle Width (mm):1862
NHTSA Number: 
Body Type:FOUR DOOR SEDAN
Vehicle Identification No.: 
Transmission Type:AUTOMATIC - REAR WHEEL DRIVE
Vehicle Center of Gravity Distance Behind Front Axle (mm):1240
Steering Column Shear Capsule Separation:UNKNOWN
Steering Column Collapse Mechanism:OTHER
Vehicle Modification Indicator:MODIFIED VEHICLE
Description of Vehicle Modification:STRENGTHENED DOOR AND B-PILLAR
Vehicle Speed (kph):0
Crabbed Angle (degrees):0
Principal Direction of Force (degrees):300
Bumper Engagement:NOT APPLICABLE
Sill Engagement:NO DIRECT ENGAGEMENT
A-Pillar Engagement:NO DIRECT ENGAGEMENT
Vehicle Damage Index (Collision Deformation Classification):10LPEW3
Angle of Moving Test Cart (degrees):0
Vehicle Orientation of Moving Cart (degrees):0
Total Length of Indentation:1524
Distance between Center of Damaged area and C.G. Axis (mm):533
Maximum Crush Distance:343
Vehicle Commentary:NO COMMENTS
Damage Profile Distances One:76
Damage Profile Distances Two:178
Damage Profile Distances Three:241
Damage Profile Distances Four:279
Damage Profile Distances Five:330
Damage Profile Distances Six:152
Pre-test - Total Length of Vehicle at Centerline: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Front of Engine: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Leading Edge of Right Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Leading Edge of Left Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Leading Edge of Right Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Leading Edge of Left Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Trailing Edge of Right Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Trailing Edge of Left Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Trailing Edge of Right Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Trailing Edge of Left Door: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Bottom of A Post of Right Side: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Bottom of A Post of Left Side: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall Right Side: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall Left Side: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Steering Column: 
Pre-test - Center of Steering Column to A Post: 
Pre-test - Center of Steering Column to Headliner: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Right Side of Front Bumper: 
Pre-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Left Side of Front Bumper: 
Pre-test - Length of Engine Block: 
Post-test - Total Length of Vehicle at Centerline: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Front of Engine: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Leading Edge of Right Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Leading Edge of Left Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Leading Edge of Right Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Leading Edge of Left Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Trailing Edge of Right Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Upper Trailing Edge of Left Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Trailing Edge of Right Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Lower Trailing Edge of Left Door: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Bottom of A Post of Right Side: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Bottom of A Post of Left Side: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall Right Side: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Firewall Left Side: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Steering Column: 
Post-test - Center of Steering Column to A Post: 
Post-test - Center of Steering Column to Headliner: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Right Side of Front Bumper: 
Post-test - Rear Surface of Vehicle to Left Side of Front Bumper: 
Post-test - Length of Engine Block: 


Instrumentation Data

Download NCAP Test 00002 Instrumentation Data in Altair Binary Format - 1.05MB
Download NCAP Test 00002 Instrumentation Data in NHTSA EV5 ASCII X-Y format - 815KB
Download NCAP Test 00002 Instrumentation Data in NHTSA ISO_MME format - 229KB
Download NCAP Test 00002 Instrumentation Data in NHTSA UDS-1992 format - 179KB


Video

Duration: 9:41
Download video of NHTSA NCAP Modified Compact Car Side Structure Testing: 1976 Plymouth Volare Impacted by 1978 Chevrolet Impala - 691MB


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