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Chevrolet Suburban

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Suburban
Vehicle Model

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Wikipedia: Chevrolet Suburban

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History
Photographs
Documents
1979 Specifications
Article Index
Merchandise
A large SUV produced by Chevrolet and GMC.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Chevrolet Suburban page on 29 September 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Chevrolet Suburban is a full-size SUV from Chevrolet. It is the longest continuous use automobile nameplate in production, starting in 1935 for the 1935 U.S. model year, and has traditionally been one of General Motors' most profitable vehicles. The 1935 first generation Carryall Suburban was one of the first production all-metal bodied station wagons.

In addition to the Chevrolet brand, the Suburban was produced under the GMC marque until its version was rebranded Yukon XL, and also briefly as a Holden. For most of its recent history, the Suburban has been a station wagon-bodied version of the Chevrolet pickup truck, including the Chevrolet C/K and Silverado series of truck-based vehicles. Cadillac offers a version called the Escalade ESV.

The Suburban is sold in the United States (including the insular territories), Canada, Central America, Chile, Myanmar, Laos, Angola, the Philippines, and the Middle East (except Israel) while the Yukon XL is sold only in North America (United States and Canada) and the Middle East territories (except Israel).

Several automotive companies in the United States used the "Suburban" designation to indicate a windowed, station wagon type body on a commercial frame including DeSoto, Dodge, Plymouth, Studebaker, Nash, Chevrolet, and GMC. The (Westchester) Suburban name was, in fact, a trademark of U.S. Body and Forging Co. of Tell City, Indiana, which built wooden station wagon bodies for all of these automobile and light truck chassis and more.

Chevrolet began production of its all-steel "carryall-suburban" in 1935. GMC brought out its version in 1937. These vehicles were also known as the "Suburban Carryall" until GM shortened the name to simply "Suburban". GMC's equivalent to the Chevrolet model was originally named "Suburban" as well, until being rebranded as "Yukon XL" for the 2000 model year.

With the end of production of the Dodge Town Wagon in 1966 and the Plymouth Fury Suburban station wagon in 1978, only General Motors continued to manufacture a vehicle branded as a "Suburban", and GM was awarded an exclusive trademark on the name in 1988. The Chevrolet Suburban is one of the largest SUVs on the market today. It has outlasted competitive vehicles such as the International Harvester Travelall, Jeep Wagoneer, and the Ford Excursion. The latest competitor is the extended Ford Expedition EL, which replaced the Excursion.

The Suburban of today is a full-size SUV with three rows of seating, a full pickup truck frame, and V8 engine. It is one of the few station wagons available with all bench rows. The Suburban is the same height and width as the Chevrolet Tahoe, although the Suburban is 20 inches (510 mm) longer. The extra length provides a full-sized cargo area behind the 9 passenger seating area. From 1973 to 2013 it had been available in half-ton and 3/4-ton versions, the latter discontinued after the 2013 model year, but was revived in 2015 as a fleet-exclusive vehicle for the 2016 model year.

In recent years, the Suburban has been used as a police truck, fire chief's vehicle, or EMS vehicle. Suburbans are also used as limousines. Gothic black Suburban vehicles are commonly used by federal intelligence services, such as Secret Service for example. Secret Service operates fully armored versions of the Suburban for the President of the United States when he attends less formal engagements.

In the late 1990s, GM also introduced a RHD version of the Suburban, badged as a Holden, for the Australian market. Sales were low and GM withdrew the model in 2000 from Holden's lineup.

There have been twelve generations of Chevrolet Suburbans since its 1935 debut, the most recent (starting with the 2015 model year) entering showrooms in February 2014. In 2015, Chevrolet celebrated the Suburban's 80th anniversary with the Arlington Assembly plant unveiling the 10th million vehicle built at the facility since its 1954 opening, a black 2015 Suburban LTZ. This marked the second time in the Suburban's history that it has achieved this honor, as the tenth generation Suburban from the 2011 model year was also the ninth million vehicle built there.

In 2015, the Suburban commemorated its 80th year anniversary at General Motors Arlington Assembly Plant where the 10 millionth Suburban was produced. A video was posted on Chevrolet's Youtube channel about its eighty year legacy.

In a February 26, 2018 article celebrating the vehicle’s 83rd year, Car and Driver notes that the Suburban’s longevity is due to being one of GM’s best selling brands, its appeal to customers across the board regardless of race, gender, class, or political affiliation, and a unique loyalty to the SUV. In an interview from Chevrolet’s truck/SUV marketing executive Sandor Piszar, who recalls an event celebrating the truck division’s 100th anniversary when they asked about what they named their vehicles, “It’s a funny question, but it really is an intriguing point,” Piszar says. “People name what they love. And they love their Suburbans.”


Photographs

Chevrolet Suburban Panel Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: July 4, 2011
View photo of Chevrolet Suburban - 2,507KB
Chevrolet Suburban Panel Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: July 4, 2011
View photo of Chevrolet Suburban - 3,800KB
Chevrolet Suburban Panel Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: July 4, 2011
View photo of Chevrolet Suburban - 3,033KB
1968 Chevrolet Suburban Military 1968
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo - 4,237KB
Project Chase 1984: Chevrolet Suburban Project Chase 1984.
Image ID: nssl0074, NOAA's National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) Collection
Photo Date: 1984
Credit: NOAA Photo Library, NOAA Central Library; OAR/ERL/National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL)
View photo of Project Chase 1984's Chevrolet Suburban - 1.0MB
Chevrolet Suburban Rear wheel failure
South of intersection of Routes 12 & 120, near Volo, Illinois
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
July 6, 2009
View image - 171KB
Chevrolet Suburban Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Chevrolet Suburban - 1.8MB
Chevrolet Suburban Lake Zurich Culver's
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Chevrolet Suburban - 4.6MB
Chevrolet Suburban Lake Zurich Culver's
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Chevrolet Suburban - 4.1MB
NSSL Chase Vehicle Nebraska storms looking to southwest from NSSL MV.
Image ID: nssl0273, NOAA's National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) Collection
Location: Nebraska, Grand Island
Photographer: Susan Cobb, NOAA/OAR/NSSL
Photo Date: 2009 May 29
Credit: VORTEX II
View photo of NSSL Chase Vehicle - 1.0MB
NSSL Chase Vehicle Nebraska storms looking to southeast from NSSL MV. The team was between two storms at that time.
Image ID: nssl0274, NOAA's National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) Collection
Location: Nebraska, Grand Island
Photographer: Susan Cobb, NOAA/OAR/NSSL
Photo Date: 2009 May 29
Credit: VORTEX II
View photo of NSSL Chase Vehicle - 1.2MB


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
13 October 1966NHTSA Recall 66V011001 1966 GMC Suburban
SEAT BELTS:FRONT:ANCHORAGE
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Recall Page - 1 page
November 1997Calspan On-Site Depowered Air Bag Deployment Investigation
Vehicle - 1998 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 172KB - 10 pages
classified date 1998In-depth Vehicle Occupant Report
1998 GMC Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 9.7MB - 90 pages
July 1998Redesigned Air Bag Special Study (RABSS)
SCI Technical Summary Report
RABSS Vehicle - 1998 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 239KB - 10 pages
July 1998Remote, Redesigned Air Bag Special Study
1998 GMC Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 560KB - 14 pages
classified date 2000Special Crash Investigation Report
Case Vehicle: 1999 GMC Suburban SLT 4 x 4, 4-door SUV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 61.7MB - 139 pages
July 2001On-Site Child Safety Seat Investigation
Vehicle - 1997 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,632KB - 17 pages
November 2002Remote Advanced 208-Compliant Vehicle Investigation
SCI Technical Summary Report
Vehicle - 2003 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 249KB - 20 pages
19 December 2002Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 208: Occupant Crash Protection
2003 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 15.2MB - 295 pages

PDF
- 15.2MB - 295 pages
11 September 2003Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS No. 110(Indicant): Tire Selection and Rims
2003 Chevrolet Suburban, MPV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1.4MB - 23 pages
October 2003On-Site Certified Advanced 208-Compliant Vehicle Investigation
Vehicle - 2003 Chevrolet K1500 Suburban Z71
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2,569KB - 24 pages
November 2003General Dynamics Remote Certified Advanced 208-Compliant Vehicle Crash Investigation
SCI Technical Summary Report
Vehicle - 2003 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,967KB - 26 pages
December 2004Calspan On-Site Certified Advanced 208-Compliant Vehicle Crash Investigation
Vehicle: 2004 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 203KB - 23 pages
classified date 2005Special Crash Investigation Report
Case Vehicle: 2000 Chevrolet Suburban LS, 4 x 4, 4-door SUV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 5.9MB - 124 pages
July 2005On-Site Certified Advanced 208-Compliant Vehicle Investigation
Vehicle - 2003 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 593KB - 20 pages
classified date 2006Special Crash Investigation Report
Case Vehicle: 1999 Chevrolet Suburban LS, 4-door SUV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 8.3MB - 110 pages
November 2006Certified Advanced 208 Compliant Air Bag Investigation/ Vehicle v. Tree
2007 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 336KB - 13 pages
classified date 2007Special Crash Investigation Report
Case Vehicle: 2002 Chevrolet Suburban LS, 4x2, 4-door SUV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 8.3MB - 117 pages
January 2007Remote Not in Traffic Surveillance Back Over Investigation
1991 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2,383KB - 24 pages
July 2007Remote Not in Traffic Surveillance Back Over Investigation
2000 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2,355KB - 25 pages
July 2007Not-in-Traffic Surveillance Calspan Remote Back Over Fatality Investigation
Vehicle: 2002 Chevrolet Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,817KB - 20 pages
May 2008On-Site Not in Traffic Surveillance Back Over Investigation
Vehicle - 1994 GMC Suburban
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,655KB - 21 pages
28 June 2011NHTSA Recall 11V339000
2011 Cadillac Escalade, 2011 Chevrolet Silverado, 2011 Chevrolet Suburban, 2011 Chevrolet Tahoe, 2011 GMC Sierra, 2011 GMC Yukon
Steering:Linkages
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Recall Page - 1 page
28 June 2011From: Carmen Benavides, General Motors LLC
To: Claude Harris, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 375KB - 3 pages
29 June 2011Upcoming Noncompliance Recall 11181 Certain 2011 Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon Shift Lever May Not Display Correct Gear
GM Service and Parts Operations
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 20KB - 2 pages
30 June 2011Intermediate Steering Shaft
From: Jennifer Timian, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
To: Carmen Benavides, General Motors LLCNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 29KB - 3 pages
July 2011Intermediate Steering Shaft Separation
General Motors
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 333KB - 5 pages
July 2011Intermediate Steering Shaft Separation
General Motors
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 338KB - 7 pages
July 2011Representative Letter
General Motors
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 82KB - 2 pages
25 October 2011Quarterly Recall Progress Report
General Motors LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 75KB - 4 pages
25 January 2012Quarterly Recall Progress Report
General Motors LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 59KB - 4 pages
24 April 2012Quarterly Recall Progress Report
General Motors LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 67KB - 4 pages
24 July 2012Quarterly Recall Progress Report
General Motors LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 115KB - 4 pages
24 October 2012Quarterly Recall Progress Report
General Motors LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V339000

PDF
- 147KB - 4 pages


1979 Chevrolet Specifications

C10 (½ ton)

DrivetrainFR
Engine Displacement (standard)4.1L (250cid)
Engine Displacement (optional)5.0L (305cid)*
5.7L (350cid)
7.4L (454cid)
Clutch Diameter11" with 4.1L and 5.0L engines
12" with 5.7L and 7.4L engines
TransmissionStandard:  3-speed manual
Optional:  Automatic or 4-speed manual
Axle RatiosStandard:  3.40
Optional:  2.76, 3.07, 3.40, 3.73, 4.11
Front SuspensionIndependent Coil Springs
Front Suspension Capacity3,400 lbs.
Front Suspension Spring Capacity1,625 lbs. standard
1,700 optional
Rear SuspensionSemi-Floating with two-stage multi-leaf springs
Rear Suspension Capacity3,750 lbs.
Rear Suspension Spring Capacity2,000 lbs.
Shock Absorbers25mm diameter standard
32mm optional
SteeringManual standard
Power optional
BrakesPower
AlternatorStandard:  37 amps
Optional:  55 or 63 amps
BatteryStandard:  2,500 watts
Optional:  3,200 or 3,500 or 4,000 watts
Tire Size (standard)H78-15B
GVWR Range6,050 - 7,000 lbs.
Fuel CapacityStandard:  25 gallons
Optional:  31 or 40 gallons

*=Not available in California

C20 (¾ ton)

DrivetrainFR
Engine Displacement (standard)5.0L (305cid)*
Engine Displacement (optional)5.7L (350cid)
7.4L (454cid)
Clutch Diameter11" with 5.0L engine
12" with 5.7L and 7.4L engines
TransmissionStandard:  Automatic
Optional:  4-speed manual
Axle RatiosStandard:  4.10
Optional:  3.21, 3.73, 4.10
Front SuspensionIndependent Coil Springs
Front Suspension Capacity3,800 lbs.
Front Suspension Spring Capacity1,750 lbs. standard
1,900 optional
Rear SuspensionFull-Floating with two-stage multi-leaf springs
Rear Suspension Capacity5,700 lbs.
Rear Suspension Spring Capacity2,000 lbs. standard
2,600 or 2,850 lbs. optional
Shock Absorbers1" diameter standard
32mm optional
SteeringManual standard
Power optional
BrakesPower standard
Heavy-duty power optional
AlternatorStandard:  37 amps
Optional:  55 or 63 amps
BatteryStandard:  3,200 watts
Optional:  3,500 or 4,000 watts
Tire Size (standard)8.75-16.5C
GVWR Range7,100 - 8,200 lbs.
Fuel CapacityStandard:  25 gallons
Optional:  31 or 40 gallons

*=Not available in California

K10 (½ ton)

Drivetrain4WD
Engine Displacement (standard)5.0L (305cid)*
Engine Displacement (optional)5.7L (350cid)
7.4L (454cid)
Clutch Diameter11" with 5.0L engine
12" with 5.7L and 7.4L engines
TransmissionStandard:  3-speed manual
Optional:  Automatic or 4-speed manual
Axle RatiosStandard:  3.40
Optional:  2.76, 3.07, 3.40, 3.73
Front SuspensionHypoid driving axle with leaf springs
Front Suspension Capacity3,600 lbs.
Front Suspension Spring Capacity1,850 lbs. standard
2,250 optional
Rear SuspensionSemi-Floating with two-stage multi-leaf springs
Rear Suspension Capacity4,000 lbs.
Rear Suspension Spring Capacity2,000 lbs.
Shock Absorbers25mm diameter standard
32mm optional
SteeringPower
BrakesPower
AlternatorStandard:  37 amps
Optional:  55 or 63 amps
BatteryStandard:  3,200 watts
Optional:  3,500 or 4,000 watts
Tire Size (standard)H78-15B
GVWR Range6,200 - 7,300 lbs.
Fuel CapacityStandard:  25 gallons
Optional:  31 or 40 gallons

*=Not available in California

K20 (¾ ton)

Drivetrain4WD
Engine Displacement (standard)5.0L (305cid)*
Engine Displacement (optional)5.7L (350cid)
7.4L (454cid)
Clutch Diameter12"
TransmissionStandard:  3-speed manual
Optional:  Automatic or 4-speed manual
Axle RatiosStandard:  3.73
Optional:  3.73, 4.10
Front SuspensionHypoid driving axle with leaf springs
Front Suspension Capacity3,800 lbs.
Front Suspension Spring Capacity1,850 lbs. standard
2,250 optional
Rear SuspensionFull-Floating with two-stage multi-leaf springs
Rear Suspension Capacity5,700 lbs.
Rear Suspension Spring Capacity2,100 lbs. standard
2,800 lbs. optional
Shock Absorbers25mm diameter standard
32mm optional
SteeringPower
BrakesPower standard
Heavy-duty power optional
AlternatorStandard:  37 amps
Optional:  55 or 63 amps
BatteryStandard:  3,200 watts
Optional:  3,500 or 4,000 watts
Tire Size (standard)8.75-16.5C
GVWR Range6,800 - 8,400 lbs.
Fuel CapacityStandard:  25 gallons
Optional:  31 or 40 gallons

*=Not available in California

Engines

Order CodeTypeDisplacementBore & StrokeCompression RatioHorsepower (SAE Net)Torque (SAE Net)Manufacturing Plant
LE3L64.1L (250cid)3.9 x 3.58.3:1130 @ 4000rpm210 @ 2000rpmFlint, Michigan
LG9V85.0L (305cid)3.7 x 3.58.4:1140 @ 4000rpm240 @ 2000rpmFlint, Michigan; Tonawanda, New York; GM of Canada
LS9V85.7L (350cid)4.0 x 3.58.2:1165 @ 3500rpm 49-state
155 @ 3600 California
270 @ 2000rpm 49-state
260 @ 2000 California
Flint, Michigan; Tonawanda, New York; GM of Canada
LF4V86.6L (400cid)4.1 x 3.88.2:1185 @ 3600rpm 49-state
170 @ 3600 California
200 @ 2400rpm 49-state
305 @ 1600 California
Flint, Michigan
LF8V87.4L (454cid)4.3 x 4.08.0:1205 @ 3600rpm335 @ 2800rpmFlint, Michigan

LE3 and LG9 not available in California

Trailering Special Packages

GCWR in Pounds by Axle Ratio8,0008,5009,0009,50010,00010,50011,00011,50012,00012,50013,00013,50015,000
5.0L (305cid) V8 Engine*C103.403.734.11
5.7L (350cid) V8 EngineC103.073.403.734.11
7.4L (454cid) V8 EngineC102.763.073.403.73
5.0L (305cid) V8 Engine*K103.403.73
5.7L (350cid) V8 EngineK102.763.073.403.73
6.6L (400cid) V8 EngineK102.763.073.403.73
5.7L (350cid) V8 EngineC203.734.10
5.0L (305cid) V8 Engine*C204.10
7.4L (454cid) V8 EngineC203.213.734.10
5.7L (350cid) V8 EngineK203.734.10
6.6L (400cid) V8 EngineK203.734.10*
GCWR Shown on Trailering Nameplate8,0008,0009,0009,00010,00010,00011,50011,50012,00012,00013,00013,00015,000
Requirements:
TransmissionALL
Automatic with all engines, or 4-speed with 5.0L, or any transmission with 5.7L
RadiatorC10
A/C or H-D radiator
RadiatorK10
A/C or H-D radiator (except with 6.6L engine)
RadiatorC-K20
A/C or H-D radiator (except with automatic transmission)
GVWRC10
6,800 or 7,000 lbs.
GVWRK10
6,800 or 7,300 lbs.

*=Not available in California

Colors:  Cardinal Red, Charcoal, Colonial Yellow, Dark Carmine Red, Cordova Brown, Deep Blue, Frost White, Hawaiian Blue, Holly Green, Light Camel, Mariner Blue, Midnight Black, Mystic Silver, Santa Fe Tan, and Shamrock Green.


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
18 February 1998Receipt of Petition for Decision That Nonconforming 1989-1991 Chevrolet Suburban Multi-Purpose Passenger Vehicles Are Eligible for ImportationFederal Register: NHTSA (Marilynne Jacobs)
6 August 2012Notice of Receipt of Petition for Decision That Nonconforming 2005 Chevrolet Suburban Multi-Purpose Passenger Vehicles are Eligible for ImportationFederal Register: NHTSA (Claude H. Harris)
27 June 2013General Motors, LLC, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential NoncomplianceFederal Register: NHTSA (Claude H. Harris)
22 July 2013Dream Cars: Chicago Blackhawks ChevroletsBill Crittenden
21 November 2014General Motors, LLC, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential NoncomplianceFederal Register: NHTSA (Jeffrey M. Giuseppe)
6 January 2015Harrisonburg Rescue Squad Makes New Addition to Fleet in 2015Harrisonburg Rescue Squad
11 May 2017General Motors, LLC, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential NoncomplianceFederal Register: NHTSA (Jeffrey M. Giuseppe)
16 April 2018General Motors, LLC, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential NoncomplianceFederal Register: NHTSA (Claudia W. Covell)


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast x2 - 15080-16012001 Chevrolet Suburban/2002 Chevrolet AvalancheSmall scale, silver Suburban & dark red Avalanche


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