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Volvo V40

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

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Wikipedia: Volvo S40: First generation (1995–2004)
Wikipedia: Volvo V40 (P1)

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A station wagon produced by Volvo. The V40 was the station wagon version of the S40 sedan from 1995-2004 and a separate model beginning again in 2012.


The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Volvo S40: First generation (1995–2004) and Volvo V40 (P1) pages on 28 November 2015, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

During August 1995, Volvo released its new series, with the intention of calling the cars S4/F4. However, as Audi had already reserved the "S4" name, Volvo opted to name the range S40 (saloon), and V40 (estate). These cars were manufactured at the Nedcar factory in the Netherlands (a pre-Ford joint venture between Volvo and Mitsubishi Motors) and based on a common platform with the Mitsubishi Carisma.

The V40, with an drag coefficient of 0.32, was the first whole model to be introduced under the direction of the British designer Peter Horbury, Volvo’s design director, and was marketed in Australia, South America and the Far East. The V40 was named the ‘Most Beautiful Estate Car in the World’ at an Italian award ceremony. The official première was at the Frankfurt Motor Show, in September 1995, with the V40 premièring in December 1995, at the Bologna Motor Show.

In 2000, Volvo updated the 40 Series ("Phase II"), implementing a number of technical improvements, including improved engine management, diesel direct fuel injection, extra safety features, larger brake discs, new front suspension and steering, revised rear suspension, larger tyres and a wider track. A minor facelift gave larger headlights, more streamlining and larger rear light clusters as well as minor instruments and fascia re-design. The "Phase II" 40 series finally went on sale on the North American market for the model year 2000.

The 40 Series cars were equipped with four-cylinder engines, such as a 1.9 turbo diesel or 1.6 (1588 cc), 1.8 (1731 cc, later increased to 1783cc), 2.0T (1948 cc), 1.9 T4 (1855 cc, later increased to 1948cc) or 2.0 (1948 cc) fuel-injected gasoline engines all of which are derivatives of the modular whiteblock engine series that started life in the Volvo 960 and carried in both 5 and 6 cyl formats in Volvo's bigger FWD cars. There was also a 1.8 L (1834 cc) petrol direct injection engine provided by Mitsubishi as part of the platform sharing between the 40 series and the Carisma.

The Volvo S40/V40 series was a completely new car from the ground up, only one engine - the 1.9 turbo diesel - carried over from the old 400 series.

The low (2.0T) and high (1.9 T4) pressure turbo variants were positioned at the top of the motor range. The 2.0T was rounded down and badged as 1.9T and was the only engine available in North America. The 5-speed manual transmission, widely available in Europe, was not certified in North American S40s, with the 5-speed automatic as the only option. No electric CVT transmission was planned, unlike the 440 HTA / High Tech Auto CVT that had been released before the 400 series was completely phased out.

In the United Kingdom, trim levels were S, XS, SE and CD. Later on, trim levels offered were supplemented with SE Lux and Sport Lux trim designations. A limited edition 'Xi' trim level was also offered for a short run on Phase 1 and Phase 1.5 cars, often painted yellow with black-bezel headlamps.

Volvo V40 (P1)

The Volvo V40 is a small family car, available in five-door hatchback form, that was unveiled at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. It has been on sale in mainland Europe since May 2012, and the United Kingdom since August 2012.

Oddly, it is advertised in the United Kingdom as being "Made in Sweden", when, in reality, it is made in Belgium.

The V40 was designed by American Chris Benjamin, the interior is the work of Pontus Fontaeus, and is the last Volvo to be designed under British designer Peter Horbury before he moved to Volvo's parent Geely.

It is built on the Global C platform with modifications to the electric power steering, and revised spring and damper settings.

The engine lineup ia Volvo models, with two petrol engines; a 1.6 litre EcoBoost I4 producing either 150 and 180 hp, dependent on specification, and a 2.5 litre Volvo B525 I5 producing 254 hp, and two diesel engines; a 1.6 litre PSA Peugeot Citroen / Ford Duratorq engine, which produces 115 hp, whilst only emitting 94 g/km of CO2, and a 2.0 litre I5 Volvo diesel engine available in two versions, 150 hp and 177 hp. In some countries, the V40 T5 uses a 2.0 litre I5 (B5204T9) producing 213 hp @6000 rpm and 300 nm from 2,700-5,000 rpm.

From the 2014 model year, Volvo has begun fitting its in-house developed Drive-E (VEA) diesel and petrol engines to the V40. As of January 2015, these engines are available in the new V40 D4 (replacing the previous 5-cylinder D4) and V40 T5 (replacing the petrol 5-cylinder T5).

Also available is the IntelliSafe safety precrash system.


24 June 2014
Volvo V40 T5 review
Matt Hubbard for Speedmonkey
View Volvo V40 T5 review at YouTube - 34MB - 1:23

DateMedia or Collection Name & DetailsFiles
19 June 2013Volvo V40 T5 start up procedure
Matt Hubbard for Speedmonkey

Topic Page
- 5.2MB - 0:21
24 June 2013Volvo V40 T5. The only hot hatch that rabbits aren't scared of
Matt Hubbard for Speedmonkey

Topic Page
- 3.6MB - 0:09

Article Index

20 June 2013Volvo V40 T5 - first impressions and photos Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
24 June 2013Volvo V40 T5 - the mid-loan slightly more thoughts article Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
28 June 2013Volvo V40 T5 review Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
1 July 2013Volvo V40 T5 - the only hot hatch that rabbits aren't scared of Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey

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