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Scion xB

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

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Wikipedia: Scion xB

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A subcompact hatchback produced by Scion.  The first generation is known for and popular because of its distinctive boxy style.

For 2005 the car is powered by a 1.5L I4 engine producing 108hp.  Available transmissions are a 5-speed manual or a 4-speed automatic.

Awards and Acknowledgements include:
The 2005 xB was #24 on USA Today's "25 cars that made a difference" list (Cars, trucks with impact, 2007)


History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Scion xB page on 24 September 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Scion xB is a compact car (subcompact car in its first generation) made by Toyota for the United States market and sold under their youth-oriented Scion brand. It is a box-shaped, 5-door hatchback.

The first-generation xB was a lightly modified and rebadged version of the Japanese-market subcompact Toyota bB. It was a small hatchback based on the Toyota Echo/Yaris platform. The xB was one of two models in the lineup of Toyota's US-exclusive Scion division present at the brand's 2003 launch, the other being the xA, based on the Toyota ist.

Only the first-generation models for both the xB and bB are related. Second-generation models are based upon different platforms.

To create the first-generation xB, the bB was modified from right- to left-hand drive, the front passenger area was also changed significantly with the bB's front bench seat replaced with bucket seats and the column-mounted shifter changed to a floor-mounted shifter.

The available drivetrains also differed. The bB was available with either the 1.3 L I4 2NZ-FE engine or the 1.5 L 1NZ-FE, mated exclusively to a 4-speed automatic transmission with available all wheel drive. The xB was only available with the 1NZ-FE that produced 108 hp (81 kW) and 105 lb⋅ft (142 N-m) in US spec, but offered both a 4-speed automatic or a 5-speed manual transmission. All-wheel drive was not offered on the xB.

The Toyota bB was not equipped with a spare tire. On the Scion xB, a compact spare tire was stored under the left side of a raised rear cargo floor. Since the spare tire raised the cargo floor by several inches, a storage bin was added to the right of the spare tire to reclaim some of the lost storage space. A jack was stored under the driver's seat of the xB.

The Toyota bB had a pull-out storage tray under the passenger seat that the xB lacks.

The bB went on sale in February 2000, whereas the xB went on sale in June 2003 for the 2004 model year. Sales of the first-generation bB ended in December 2005, whereas the first-generation xB ended sales in June 2007.

Second generation (2007–2015)

The second-generation Scion xB is styled as a 5-door hatchback of the t2B concept unveiled at the 2006 New York Auto Show. Toyota unveiled the production xB at the 2007 Chicago Auto Show. The new xB was less boxy in shape and larger than its predecessor. The 2008 model year xB is 2.8-inch (71 mm) wider, 12-inch (300 mm) longer - including 4-inch (100 mm) longer wheel to wheel - and over 600 pounds (270 kg) heavier than the first-generation xB.

The first-generation Scion xB was very similar to its original bB inspiration, but the second-generation xB was based on American buyers' "wants" relative to the first-generation, combined with the new styling of the 2005 bB. The sales of the Scion xB plummeted after the switch from the compact first-generation to the much larger second-generation xB2.

The Scion xB was produced by Kanto Auto Works, Ltd. based in Japan. Due to the 2011 Japanese earthquake, production was suspended from 14 March 2011 to 18 April 2011, affecting several Toyota vehicles, including the Scion xB and Scion xD. Plants affected by the disaster included the Toyota Motor Hokkaido Plant, the Toyota Motor Tohoku Plant, and the Central Motor Corporation Miyagi Plant, which produces the Toyota Yaris.

The second-generation xB is equipped with a 2.4 L straight-4 Toyota 2AZ-FE engine rated at 158 hp (118 kW) and 162 lb⋅ft (220 N⋅m), shared with the first-generation tC and the Toyota Camry, which at 22 mpg‑US (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg‑imp) city / 28 mpg‑US (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpg‑imp) hwy has a higher fuel consumption than the previous model's 1.5 L engine (26 mpg‑US (9.0 L/100 km; 31 mpg‑imp) city / 31 mpg‑US (7.6 L/100 km; 37 mpg-imp) hwy). A five-speed manual and a sequential-shift four-speed automatic are the only factory options aside from the color and stereo.


Photographs

Scion xB Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Scion xB" - 231KB
Scion xB Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Scion xB" - 248KB
Yellow Cab Scion xB Yellow Cab
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Yellow Cab Scion xB" - 4.3MB
Scion xB Yellow Cab Drag Race Car Yellow Cab Drag Race Car
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Scion xB Yellow Cab Drag Race Model Car - 2.2MB
Scion xB Yellow Cab Drag Race Car Yellow Cab Drag Race Car
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Scion xB Yellow Cab Drag Race Model Car - 2.3MB


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
3 March 2005Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 201U: Occupant Protection in Interior Impact, Upper Interior Head Impact Protection
2005 Toyota Scion xB
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 11.8MB - 175 pages
1 June 2005Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 201: Occupant Protection in Interior Impact
2005 Scion xB
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 3.0MB - 51 pages
7 November 2008Vehicle Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 208, Occupant Crash Protection; FMVSS 212, Windshield Mounting; FMVSS 219, Windshield Intrustion (Partial); FMVSS 301, Fuel System Integrity
2008 Scion xB MPV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 32.6MB - 337 pages
July 2010On-Site Side Air Bag Investigation
2008 Toyota Scion xB
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 986KB - 17 pages


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
25 January 2008Boxy Scion Receives UpdatesAnthony Fontanelle


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast - Matchbox H1825-0910Toyota SCION XBTreasure Inside!, small scale, silver
Die Cast - Matchbox K9470-0910Scion xBMBX Metal, small scale, metallic orange
Die Cast x2 - 15080-1601Scion xB/Lexus SC 430Small scale, silver xB & tan SC430


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