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BorgWarner

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

BorgWarner
Vehicle Parts Manufacturer

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Official Site: BorgWarner.com
Wikipedia: BorgWarner

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Originally stylized as Borg-Warner and founded in 1928 by the merger of Warner Gear and Borg & Beck. Since 1936 the company has been the sponsor of the Indianapolis 500 trophy.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's BorgWarner page on 6 February 2020, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

BorgWarner Inc. is an American worldwide automotive industry components and parts supplier. It is primarily known for its powertrain products, which include manual and automatic transmissions and transmission components such as electro-hydraulic control components, transmission control units, friction materials, and one-way clutches, turbochargers, engine valve timing system components, along with four-wheel drive system components.

The company has 60 manufacturing facilities across 18 countries within North and South America, Europe, and Asia. It provides drivetrain components to all three U.S. automakers, as well as a variety of European and Asian original equipment manufacturer (OEM) customers. BorgWarner has diversified into several automotive-related markets (1999), including ignition interlock technology (ACS Corporation est.1976) for preventing impaired operation of vehicles.

Historically, BorgWarner was also known for its ownership of the Norge appliance company (washers and dryers), as well as York International (heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning equipment).

The original Borg-Warner Corporation was formed in 1928 by the merger of Warner Gear, which itself was founded by Thomas Warner in 1901, and Borg & Beck founded by Charles Borg and Marshall Beck in 1903, Marvel Schelber Carburetor Co founded in 1905 by George Schebler and the Mechanics Universal Joint Co. The company was best known as the supplier of Warner Gear overdrive units for cars of the 1930s to the 1970s, and as the developer of Studebaker's three-speed automatic transmission introduced in 1950, along with 'Holley' brand Borg & Beck carburetors. Ford took up development of the transmission in Studebaker's place in 1955. The early Ford automatics are derivatives of the Borg Warner.

The Warner Gear name was still being used for the marine and industrial transmissions supplied by Borg Warner under the trade name 'Velvet Drive' into the 1980s. The 'Velvet Drive' production was transferred to Regal-Beloit Corporation in 1995, who trade as "Velvet Drive Transmissions".

In the 21st century, the company changed the styling of its name from Borg-Warner to BorgWarner.

The company is also notable for co-developing a variable-geometry turbocharger with Porsche, the Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) system, used in the 2007 911 Turbo. BorgWarner claims this technology will reach mainstream cars within 10 years. From 2002, Peugeot, Ford and Renault became major customers for the company's turbochargers with the Volkswagen Group on-board since 1999, choosing to exclusively use the BorgWarner K-Series turbochargers for their then-new 1.8T power plant.

BorgWarner supplies wet clutches and hydraulic modules for dual-clutch transmission systems. With their DualTronic technology, BorgWarner has gained contracts with European automakers that want to use dual clutch transmissions. The German automotive concern Volkswagen Group is BorgWarner's largest customer (by sales), and Europe is their largest market. Light vehicles (automobiles, car-derived vans, and light commercial vehicles) account for 72% of BorgWarner's total sales.

The company's world headquarters is in Auburn Hills, Michigan. Robert S. Ingersoll formerly served as the company's CEO and Chairman. BorgWarner's Powertrain Technical Center (PTC) is also based in Auburn Hills.

The BorgWarner Indianapolis 500 Trophy is presented to the winner of the annual Indianapolis 500 auto racing event; this has been provided by the company since 1936, as a legacy of Louie Schwitzer who won the first automobile racing event held at the facility, in 1909. It was announced by the Izod Indycar Series that BorgWarner has been selected as the official supplier for the turbochargers to be used in the 2.2L turbocharged engine formula for the series which took effect in 2012. On October 2, 2006, BorgWarner announced the purchase of the European Transmission and Engine Controls product lines from Eaton Corporation.


Images

Borg-Warner 1954 Dodge Advertisement Subject:  Borg-Warner 1954 Dodge Advertisement
Source:  The Saturday Evening Post
View image of Borg-Warner 1954 Dodge Advertisement - 22.8MB


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
5 June 2004Second Annual "Race Within A Race" At Fun Ford Gives Drag Radial Racers And Extra Chance To Bring Home The BucksBW-AirWerks
3 October 2007BorgWarner To Provide Drivetrain For CheryAnthony Fontanelle


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