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Cadillac

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Cadillac
Vehicle Manufacturer

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Official Site: Cadillac.com
Wikipedia: Cadillac

Sponsored Events
The Cadillac Grand Prix of Washington, D.C.

Reference Desk
Standard Catalog of Cadillac (1903-2005)

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Reference Desk
Motorsports
Documents
Multimedia
Images
Unidentified Photographs
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A manufacturer of cars and SUVs.  General Motors' premiere luxury brand.  Known by the nickname "Caddy."  Founded as Cadillac Automobile Company on August 22, 1902 and based in Warren, Michigan, USA.

The Cadillac Motor Car Co. was purchased by General Motors in 1909 at a price of $5,669,250.

In 1930, Cadillac became the first company to offer a 16-cylinder automobile engine in its cars.  In 1938 it offered the first sunroof and the first steering column gear shift.

The one millionth Cadillac was built on November 25, 1949, and was a 1949 Coupe deVille.  The four millionth Cadillac was produced June 19, 1969.

In 1970, Cadillac would begin to offer the 500 cu. in. engine in its cars, the first production passenger car engine of that size.  Just over a decade later, in a dramatic reversal, Cadillac's V-8-6-4 variable displacement engine debuted in 1981.  In 1985 Cadillac produced the first transversely mounted front wheel drive V8 car.  The Northstar engine debuted in 1992.

Vehicle names used by Cadillac currently and throughout history include:  Allanté, ATS, Aurora, Calais, Catera, Ciel, Cien, Cimarron, Coupe deVille, CTS, Cyclone, deVille, DTS, Eldorado, Elmiraj, Escalade, Fleetwood, Imaj, Model 30, Model A, Model C, Model D, Model K, Northstar LMP, Sedan deVille, Series 10, Series 341, Series 353, Series 40, Series 452, Series 50, Series 60, Series 61, Series 62, Series 75, Series 90, Seville, Sixteen, Solitaire, SRX, STS, Type 53, V-16, V-63, Vizon, Voyage, XLR, and XTS.

Dealerships include:
Fagan Chevrolet Cadillac (Janesville, Wisconsin)
McGuire Chevrolet Cadillac
Overton Cadillac Pontiac (McHenry, Illinois)
Washington Cadillac Company (Washington, D.C.)
Young Chevrolet Cadillac Buick GMC (Owosso, Michigan)

The 2013 song "Royals" by Lorde includes the line, "We're driving Cadillacs in our dreams." In the 1984 Don Henley song "Boys of Summer" there's a line "Out on the road today I saw a Deadhead sticker on a Cadillac." In 2003 The Ataris covered "Boys of Summer" and changed the line to "Out on the road today I saw a Black Flag sticker on a Cadillac."

In 2002 a country music themed romance novel by Sabine Keevil called Guitars & Cadillacs was published.


History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Cadillac page on 18 June 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Cadillac, formally the Cadillac Motor Car Division, is a division of U.S.-based General Motors (GM) that markets luxury vehicles worldwide. Its primary markets are the United States, Canada, and China, but Cadillac-branded vehicles are distributed in 34 additional markets worldwide. Historically, Cadillac automobiles have always held a place at the top of the luxury field within the United States.[2] In 2014, Cadillac's U.S. sales were 170,750 vehicles.[3]

Cadillac is among the oldest automobile brands in the world, second in America only to fellow GM marque Buick. The firm was founded from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company in 1902, almost nine years before Chevrolet.[4] It was named after Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, who founded Detroit, Michigan. The Cadillac crest is based on his coat of arms.

By the time General Motors purchased the company in 1909, Cadillac had already established itself as one of America's premier luxury carmakers. The complete interchangeability of its precision parts had allowed it to lay the foundation for the modern mass production of automobiles. It was at the forefront of technological advances, introducing full electrical systems, the clashless manual transmission and the steel roof. The brand developed three engines, with its V8 setting the standard for the American automotive industry.

Cadillac was the first American car to win the Royal Automobile Club of England's Dewar Trophy by successfully demonstrating the interchangeability of its component parts during a reliability test in 1908; this spawned the firm's slogan "Standard of the World". It won the trophy again in 1912 for incorporating electric starting and lighting in a production automobile.[5]

Founding

Cadillac was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company. After a dispute between Henry Ford and his investors, Ford left the company along with several of his key partners in March 1902. Ford's financial backers William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen called in engineer Henry M. Leland of Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Company to appraise the plant and equipment in preparation for liquidating the company's assets. Instead, Leland persuaded the pair to continue manufacturing automobiles using Leland's proven single-cylinder engine. A new company called the Cadillac Automobile Company was established on 22 August 1902. It was named after French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, who founded Detroit in 1701.[6][7]

First automobiles

Cadillac's first automobiles, the Runabout and Tonneau, were completed in October 1902. They were two-seat horseless carriages powered by a 10 hp (7 kW) single-cylinder engine. They were practically identical to the 1903 Ford Model A. Many sources state that the first car rolled out of the factory on 17 October; in the book Henry Leland – Master of Precision, the date is 20 October; another reliable source shows car number three to have been built on 16 October. Cadillac displayed the new vehicles at the New York Auto Show in January 1903, where the vehicles impressed the crowds enough to gather over 2,000 firm orders. Cadillac's biggest selling point was precision manufacturing, and therefore, reliability; a Cadillac was simply a better-made vehicle than its competitors.


Reference Desk

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Documents

TypeTitle
2005 BookStandard Catalog of Cadillac 1903-2005, 3rd Edition by John Gunnell, Krause Publications
DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
1919Cadillac Participation in the World War
An Expression of Appreciation to Cadillac Men for their Loyal Services in a Great Emergency and a Historical Account of Cadillac Accomplishments
Cadillac Motor Car Company
Topic Page - 77 pages


Motorsports

In the early 2000's, Cadillac campaigned the Northstar LMP, a Le Mans Prototype race car.  The Cadillac CTS is used for competition in sports car racing.  Sponsored events include the Cadillac Grand Prix.


Multimedia

29 December 2016 (11:19AM)
Explainer: The Beast
VOA News
Moving a United States president from point to point using streets and highways involves a certain amount of risk. To maximize safety for the commander in chief, the U.S. Secret Service uses an extremely specialized vehicle.
Download Automakers Tackle Self-driving Car Crash Avoidance - 11.1MB - 1:06


Images

These Cadillac images can't be classified by a specific model.

Famous GM Cars Famous GM Cars
View Famous GM Cars: Cadillac - 10.4MB
Famous GM Cars Famous GM Cars
View Famous GM Cars: Cadillac - 20.8MB
1909 Cadillac Parts Classified Ad 1909 Cadillac Parts Classified Ad
Antique Automobile: March-April 1972
View photo of 1909 Cadillac Parts Classified Ad - 1.2MB
1915 Cadillac Service Car New Zealand Stamp News and Events: For the Stamp Collector
New Zealand recently issued an attractive set of six antique car stamps to help celebrate the 13th International Car Rally held in New Zealand in February. The six cars illustrate the development of the motor car from the earliest pioneering period to the introduction of the light economy car. The three cent stamp shows an 1895 Benz; the four cent a 1904 Oldsmobile; the five cent a 1914 Model T Ford; the six cent a 1915 Cadillac service car; the eight cent a 1924 Chrysler and the ten cent shows a 1923 Austin 7. The background scenes are appropriate to both the time and eras in which the cars were used.
Antique Automobile: March-April 1972
View photo of 1915 Cadillac Service Car New Zealand Stamp - 2.7MB
Cadillac Seven Passenger Touring 57 Seven Passenger Touring 57
Hand Book of Automobiles, 1919 Edition
View Cadillac Seven Passenger Touring 57 page of Hand Book of Automobiles, 1919 Edition - 487KB
Cadillac Limousine 57 Limousine 57
Hand Book of Automobiles, 1919 Edition
View Cadillac Limousine 57 page of Hand Book of Automobiles, 1919 Edition - 561KB
1997 Concours d'Elegance of the Eastern United States Poster - 1931 Cadillac Twelve 1997 Concours d'Elegance of the Eastern United States
Artist: Ken Eberts
Car: 1931 Cadillac Twelve
Event: Concours d'Elegance of the Eastern United States
Image courtesy CarArt.us
View 1997 Concours d'Elegance of the Eastern United States Poster - 1931 Cadillac Twelve - 70KB
1939 Cadillac Coupe 1939 Coupe
for $18,500
2013 Mecum Chicago Auction
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1939 Cadillac Coupe - 3.4MB
1939 Cadillac Coupe 1939 Coupe
for $18,500
2013 Mecum Chicago Auction
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1939 Cadillac Coupe - 3.5MB
Custom 1950 Cadillac Model Car Custom 1950
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Custom 1950 Cadillac Model Car - 2.0MB
Custom 1950 Cadillac Model Car Custom 1950
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Custom 1950 Cadillac Model Car - 1.9MB
Custom 1950 Cadillac Model Car Custom 1950
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Custom 1950 Cadillac Model Car - 1.9MB
Custom 1950 Cadillac Model Car Custom 1950
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Custom 1950 Cadillac Model Car - 2.6MB
Ray Bray Cadillac Advertisement From the December 9, 1956 Chicago Bears vs. Chicago Cardinals game program
View 1956 Cadillac Advertisement - 4,012KB
Ray Bray Cadillac Advertisement Ray Bray
From the December 9, 1956 Chicago Bears vs. Chicago Cardinals game program
View Ray Bray Cadillac Advertisement - 1,016KB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 4.5MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 4.6MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 3.6MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 3.9MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 4.2MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 3.7MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 3.8MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 4.3MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 3.9MB
1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior 1958 Hearse by Superior
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Lake Zurich Cruise Night: August 7, 2012
View photo of 1958 Cadillac Hearse by Superior - 4.2MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 4.5MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 4.9MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 3.7MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 3.7MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 3.9MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 4.1MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 4.2MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 3.9MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 3.9MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 4.6MB
1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance 1973 A-Tec Ambulance
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night:  September 10, 2012
View photo of 1973 Cadillac A-Tec Ambulance - 4.4MB
Cadillac Cue Cue
2013 Chicago Auto Show
Chicago Auto Show photo
Safe Driving Technologies Shine at 2013 Chicago Auto Show
View photo of Cadillac Cue - 1.9MB


Unidentified Photographs

The following photographs cannot be identified.  If you know any details about these images, please e-mail admin@carsandracingstuff.com.

Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Gary Lang Auto Group Car Show
View photo - 4,483KB
Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Gary Lang Auto Group Car Show
View photo - 3,836KB
Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Gary Lang Auto Group Car Show
View photo - 3,839KB
Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Gary Lang Auto Group Car Show
View photo - 3,791KB
Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Gary Lang Auto Group Car Show
View photo - 3,180KB
Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Gary Lang Auto Group Car Show
View photo - 4,929KB
Cadillac JM http://www.logodesignweb.com/stockphoto
View photo - 72KB
Cadillac JM http://www.logodesignweb.com/stockphoto
View photo - 70KB
Cadillac JM http://www.logodesignweb.com/stockphoto
View photo - 65KB
Cadillac Photo courtesy of Image*After
View photo - 324KB
Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
September 2010 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Classic Cadillac Toy - 2,281KB
Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
September 2010 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Classic Cadillac Toy - 3,987KB
Cadillac Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
September 2010 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Classic Cadillac Toy - 2,399KB
Cadillac Custom Cadillac
Photo courtesy www.cepolina.com
View photo - 79KB
Cadillac Custom Cadillac
Photo courtesy www.cepolina.com
View photo - 77KB
Cadillac Custom Cadillac
Photo courtesy www.cepolina.com
View photo - 67KB
1966 Cadillac 1966Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
July 17, 2009
View photo - 181KB
Pink Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Pink Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car - 3,500KB
Pink Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Pink Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car - 3,419KB
Pink Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Pink Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car - 3,505KB
Pink Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Pink Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car - 3,397KB
Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car Demolition Derby Car
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car - 2.3MB
Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car Demolition Derby Car
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Cadillac Demolition Derby Model Car - 2.2MB
Cadillac Lowrider Model Car Lowrider
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Cadillac Lowrider Model Car - 2.1MB
Cadillac Lowrider Model Car Lowrider
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Cadillac Lowrider Model Car - 2.1MB
Cadillac Lowrider Model Car Lowrider
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Cadillac Lowrider Model Car - 2.2MB
Cadillac Lowrider Model Car Lowrider
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of Cadillac Lowrider Model Car - 2.1MB
Cadillac Dashboard The sleek dash of a new Cadillac incorporating new technologies
2013 Washington Auto Show
Voice of America Photo by Phil Alexiou
Auto Show Dazzles With Technology
View photo of Cadillac Dashboard - 78KB


Merchandise

Card set: Cadillac Collection

Type & Item #NameDetails
Model Kit Renwal 1531931 Cadillac Phaeton1:48 scale
Die Cast - Hot Wheels L3104-0917NCustom '59 Cadillac2007 All Stars, Small scale, blue w/white flames
Die Cast - Hot Wheels R7584-0910ACustom '59 CadillacHot Auction, Small scale, purple w/green stripes
Die Cast - Matchbox J2371-09101963 Cadillac HearseMBX Metal, 1:81 scale, black
Die Cast - Majorette 03453010Cadillac Strech Limousine300 Series, 1:58 scale, silver
Die Cast - Hot Wheels 57101-0710Cadillac LMPHot Auction, Small scale, silver & black


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
29 April 1916SAYS AMERICA'S BEST CAR IS CADILLAC "8"The Ogden Standard
24 November 1922CADILLAC CUTS PRICES.The New York Times
13 January 2002Cadillac's Future at a Crossroads John Birchard, VOA News
17 April 2002Guitars & Cadillacs Receives Great Review in World's #1 Selling Country Music MagazineThinking Dog Publishing
10 February 2003Rebound Seen for Cadillac Auto Brand John Birchard, VOA News
17 January 2009Cadillac unveils Obama's 'Beast', the 2009 Presidential State CarWikinews
11 March 2009Cadillac: A Tradition of Innovation and QualityRonnie Tanner
18 October 2012A New Vision for General MotorsBill Crittenden
7 May 2013General Motors to Make Cadillacs in ChinaVOA News
21 September 2013Dry And Bright With A High Chance Of Driving Pleasure Geoff Maxted, DriveWrite Automotive
2 January 2014Northstar Engines in Used Condition Now Sold to Cadillac Parts Buyers at PreownedEngines.com CompanyPreownedEngines.com
24 March 20162016 Edition 1954-76 Cadillac Restoration Parts CatalogOriginal Parts Group




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