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Mahle

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Mahle
Vehicle Parts Manufacturer

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Official Site: Mahle.com
Wikipedia: Mahle GmbH

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Corporate Name: Mahle GmbH

A manufacturer of engine components based in Stuttgart, Germany.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Mahle GmbH page on 24 January 2017, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

MAHLE GmbH is an automotive parts manufacturer based in Stuttgart, Germany. It is one of the largest automotive suppliers worldwide. As a manufacturer of components and systems for the combustion engine and its periphery, the company is one of the three largest systems suppliers worldwide for engine systems, filtration, electrics, mechatronics, and thermal management. In 2014, Mahle GmbH sales amounted to nearly €10 billion.

As of 2016, its 76,000 employees work in 170+ production plants and thirteen research and development centers in Germany, Great Britain, United States, Brazil, Japan, China, and India. Worldwide, 5000 development engineers and technicians work as partners for MAHLE's customers on new products and systems.

In 1920 the engineer and pilot Hellmuth Hirth established together with others a small workshop in Cannstatt, where he developed and constructed a two-stroke engine.

26-year-old Hermann Mahle started working for Hellmuth Hirth on December 1, 1920, as the company’s seventh employee. The workshop was then called "Versuchsbau Hellmuth Hirth". December 1, 1920 is acknowledged as the birthday of today’s MAHLE Group. It soon became clear that the workshop would not survive by only conducting engine tests. So the need arose to build a profitable line of production in order to finance ongoing engine tests. At that time, in the automobile production, pistons were generally made of cast iron. Versuchsbau Hellmuth Hirth decided to attempt to build light-alloy pistons for combustion engines.

On November 1, 1922 Hermann Mahle's brother, Ernst Mahle, joined the factory as Head of Engineering. In 1924 the company was renamed Elektrometall GmbH.

In 1927, the company developed the first controlled-expansion piston in Germany and in 1931, the world’s first aluminum ring carrier piston for Diesel engines. Following this, piston technology was steadily improved.

In 1938 the conversion into MAHLE KG took place and the new company logo was introduced. The company expanded. New products were developed and produced (e.g., aluminium cylinders with Cromal (chrome plating) surface coatings in 1951).

In 1964, the company founders Hermann and Ernst Mahle decided to waive private ownership in their companies and make the companies part of a foundation for public benefit. They renounced the largest part of their personal property and transferred the company shares to the MAHLE Foundation.

Aluminium engines

In 1976 MAHLE placed the first European aluminum engine blocks made in low-pressure die casting ready for series production. In 1988 the composite camshaft is enhanced to production standard, and in 2001 MAHLE presented a cooling concept for pistons in high-speed passenger car Diesel engines. The first all-plastic oil filter in the world followed in 2003. MAHLE developed and constructed its first complete engine in the same year, which was applied in the Formula Student.

Today, MAHLE is a predominant system supplier for components of piston systems, cylinder components, valve train systems, air management systems, and liquid management systems, for all well-known automobile manufacturers. In 2010, the MAHLE Group generated sales in excess of €5.2 billion. In 2011, the MAHLE Group generated sales in excess of €6.0 billion.


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
4 February 2016Now Available at Summit Racing: New Mahle PowerPak Piston and Ring KitsSummit Racing Equipment
20 May 2016New at Summit Racing Equipment: Diesel PowerPak PistonsSummit Racing Equipment
15 November 2018Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public InterestFederal Register: ITC (Jessica Mullan)
14 December 2018Certain Multi-Stage Fuel Vapor Canister Systems and Activated Carbon Components Thereof; Institution of InvestigationFederal Register: ITC (Lisa Barton)
27 March 2019Certain Multi-Stage Fuel Vapor Canister Systems and Activated Carbon Components Thereof: Notice of Commission Determination Not To Review an Initial Determination Granting a Motion To Amend the Complaint and Notice of InvestigationFederal Register: ITC (Katherine Hiner)
10 April 2020Certain Multi-Stage Fuel Vapor Canister Systems and Activated Carbon Components Thereof; Commission Determination To Review in Part, Take No Position on the Issues Under Review, and Affirm in Part a Final Initial Determination Finding No Violation of Section 337; Termination of InvestigationFederal Register: ITC (Lisa Barton)


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