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Dodge Challenger (1st Generation)

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Dodge Challenger

Dodge Challenger (1st Generation)
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Wikipedia: Dodge Challenger

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The first generation Challenger was produced for model years 1970-1974.

Magazine covers include:  GTR Newsletter (Febraury 2014 - Vanishing Point 1971 model)

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Dodge Challenger page on 14 June 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Challenger was described in a book about 1960s American cars as Dodge's "answer to the Mustang and Camaro." Introduced in fall 1969 for the 1970 model year, it was one of two Chrysler E-body cars, the other being the slightly smaller Plymouth Barracuda. "Both the Challenger and Barracuda were available in a staggering number of trim and option levels" and were intended "to compete against cars like the Chevrolet Camaro and Ford Mustang, and to do it while offering virtually every engine in Chrysler's inventory." However, the 1970 Challenger was "a rather late response to the ponycar wave the Ford Mustang had started" with its introduction in April 1964. In his book Hemi Muscle Cars, Robert Genat wrote that the Challenger was conceived in the late 1960s as Dodge's equivalent of the Plymouth Barracuda, and that the Barracuda was designed to compete against the Mustang. The 1964 Barracuda was actually the first car in this sporty car segment by a few weeks, but was quickly overshadowed by the release of the segment defining Mustang (the segment being referred to as "Pony Car"). He added that Chrysler intended the new 1970 Dodge as "the most potent ponycar ever," and positioned it "to compete against the Mercury Cougar and Pontiac Firebird." Genat also noted that the "Barracuda was intended to compete in the marketplace with the Mustang and Camaro/Firebird, while the Dodge was to be positioned against the Cougar" and other more luxury-type musclecars.

The Challenger's longer wheelbase, larger dimensions and more luxurious interior were prompted by the launch of the 1967 Mercury Cougar, likewise a bigger, more luxurious and more expensive pony car aimed at affluent young American buyers. The wheelbase, at 110 inches (2,794 mm), was two inches longer than the Barracuda, and the Dodge differed substantially from the Plymouth in its outer sheetmetal, much as the Cougar differed from the shorter-wheelbase Ford Mustang. Air conditioning and a rear window defogger were optional.

Exterior design was done by Carl Cameron, who also did the exterior for the 1966 Dodge Charger. Cameron based the 1970 Challenger grille off an older sketch of his 1966 Charger prototype that was to have a turbine engine. The Charger never got the turbine, but the Challenger featured that car's grille. Although the Challenger was well received by the public (with 76,935 produced for the 1970 model year), it was criticized by the press, and the pony car segment was already declining by the time the Challenger arrived. Sales fell dramatically after 1970, and though sales rose for the 1973 model year with over 27,800 cars being sold, Challenger production ceased midway through the 1974 model year. A total of 165,437 Challengers were sold over this generation's lifespan.

A 1970 Challenger R/T 440 Magnum was featured in the existentialist 1971 film Vanishing Point. For the 1973-74 season of the TV show Mannix the title character drove a 1974 Challenger Rallye, which was specially ordered and built for the show. The car had every option available including the 360 4-barrel engine and the rare factory sunroof.


Photographs

Dodge Challenger Photo ©2007 Bill Crittenden
Barrington, Illinois Cruise Night:  July 19, 2007 View photo of Dodge Challenger - 3,252KB
1970 Dodge Challenger 1970
Photo by "Morven"
Garden Grove, California
May 14, 2004
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger - 81KB
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel 1970 340 Four-Barrel
From the private museum of Greg & Kathy Mosley
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel - 3,041KB
1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel 1970 340 Four-Barrel
From the private museum of Greg & Kathy Mosley
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel - 4,028KB
1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel 1970 340 Four-Barrel
From the private museum of Greg & Kathy Mosley
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel - 3,082KB
1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel 1970 340 Four-Barrel
From the private museum of Greg & Kathy Mosley
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel - 4,154KB
1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel 1970 340 Four-Barrel
From the private museum of Greg & Kathy Mosley
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel - 4,732KB
1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel 1970 340 Four-Barrel
From the private museum of Greg & Kathy Mosley
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel - 3,298KB
1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel 1970 340 Four-Barrel
From the private museum of Greg & Kathy Mosley
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel - 3,461KB
1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel 1970 340 Four-Barrel
From the private museum of Greg & Kathy Mosley
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger 340 Four-Barrel - 3,445KB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible 1970 R/T 340 Six Pack
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 Muscles for Muscles Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible - 3.9MB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible 1970 R/T 340 Six Pack
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 Muscles for Muscles Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible - 3.1MB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible 1970 R/T 340 Six Pack
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 Muscles for Muscles Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible - 5.8MB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible 1970 R/T 340 Six Pack
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 Muscles for Muscles Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible - 3.3MB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible 1970 R/T 340 Six Pack
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 Muscles for Muscles Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 340 Six Pack Convertible - 3.3MB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Six Pack Panther Pink 1970 R/T 440 Six Pack in Panther Pink
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Muscle Car & Corvette Nationals
View photo of a 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 3,587KB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Six Pack Panther Pink 1970 R/T 440 Six Pack in Panther Pink
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Muscle Car & Corvette Nationals
View photo of a 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 4,048KB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Six Pack Panther Pink 1970 R/T 440 Six Pack in Panther Pink
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Muscle Car & Corvette Nationals
View photo of a 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 3,058KB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Magnum 1970 R/T 440 Magnum
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
for $48,000 at the Mecum 2012 Fall Premier Auction
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Magnum - 3.5MB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Magnum 1970 R/T 440 Magnum
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
for $48,000 at the Mecum 2012 Fall Premier Auction
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Magnum - 3.5MB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Magnum 1970 R/T 440 Magnum
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
for $48,000 at the Mecum 2012 Fall Premier Auction
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T 440 Magnum - 3.8MB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T Model Car 1970 R/T
Built by Kim Gableson
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
December 2009 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T Model - 3,534KB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T Model Car 1970 R/T
Built by Kim Gableson
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
December 2009 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T Model - 3,289KB
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T Model Car 1970 R/T
Built by Kim Gableson
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
December 2009 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T Model - 3,628KB
1970 Dodge Challenger Model This model won "Pick of the Show"
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 Muscle Car & Corvette Nationals Model Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger Model, 3,511KB
The Parts Tree December 2009 Cover The Parts Tree, December 2009 Cover
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T by Kim Gableson

View The Parts Tree December 2009 Cover - 269KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 6,134KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 4,276KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 3,654KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 3,124KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 3,782KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 5,579KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 4,061KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 3,698KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 3,796KB
1970 Dodge Challenger RT Modified 1970 R/T
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
2008 Lakemoor Dollars For Scholars Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T - 3,304KB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 2,197KB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 1,501KB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 2,152KB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 2,028KB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 4.3MB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 3.7MB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 2.2MB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 3.7MB
1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak 1970 T/A Six Pak
Unrestored Original
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger T/A Six Pak - 3.4MB
Modified 1970 Dodge Challenger Modified 1970
Built by Larry Filmore
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
C.A.R.S. in Miniature February 2011 Meeting
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger Model - 3,032KB
Modified 1970 Dodge Challenger Modified 1970
Built by Larry Filmore
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
C.A.R.S. in Miniature February 2011 Meeting
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger Model
Modified 1970 Dodge Challenger Modified 1970
Built by Larry Filmore
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
C.A.R.S. in Miniature February 2011 Meeting
View photo of 1970 Dodge Challenger Model - 3,138KB
1971 Dodge Challenger Indianapolis 500 Pace Car 1971 Indianapolis 500 Pace Car
Built by Bob Deneen
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
C.A.R.S. in Miniature February 2011 Meeting
View photo of 1971 Dodge Challenger Indianapolis 500 Pace Car, 3,271KB
1971 Dodge Challenger Indianapolis 500 Pace Car 1971 Indianapolis 500 Pace Car
Built by Bob Deneen
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
C.A.R.S. in Miniature February 2011 Meeting
View photo of 1971 Dodge Challenger Indianapolis 500 Pace Car - 2,897KB
1971 Dodge Challenger Indianapolis 500 Pace Car 1971 Indianapolis 500 Pace Car
Built by Bob Deneen
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
C.A.R.S. in Miniature February 2011 Meeting
View photo of 1971 Dodge Challenger Indianapolis 500 Pace Car - 2,935KB
1973 Dodge Challenger Rallye 340 4V 1973 Rallye 340 4V
Photo by "Hnatiw"
View photo of 1973 Dodge Challenger Rallye 340 4V - 141KB
Dodge Challenger Photo by "Morven"
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 608KB
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
Dodge Challenger Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 3,706KB
Dodge Challenger Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 3,931KB
Dodge Challenger Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 4,225KB
Dodge Challenger Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 2,953KB
Dodge Challenger Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 3,828KB
Dodge Challenger Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 3,780KB
Dodge Challenger Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Richmond Cruise Night: June 3, 2011
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 468KB
Dodge Challenger Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Richmond Cruise Night: June 3, 2011
View photo of Dodge Challenger - 969KB


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
30 December 1970NHTSA Recall 71V004000
1971 Dodge Challenger, 1971 Dodge Charger, 1971 Dodge Coronet, 1971 Plymouth Barracuda
Service Brakes, Hydraulic:Foundation Components:Drum
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Recall Page - 1 page


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Model Kit - AMT 6466'70 Dodge Challenger R/T1:25 scale
Model Kit - AMT 6568"Yankee Challenge"1:25 scale drag race modified 1970
Model Kit - AMT 38392'70 Dodge Challenger R/T1:25 scale
Die Cast - Hot Wheels J3270-1716'70 Dodge Challenger HEMI2006 First Editions, small scale, purple w/black
Die Cast - Hot Wheels M6995-A519'70 Dodge Challenger HemiHot Wheels Stars, small scale, short card, dark red w/silver stripe
Die Cast - Hot Wheels T9996-09GNGreen Lantern: '71 Dodge Challenger2011 New Models, small scale, orange w/black


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