Home Page About Us Contribute

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk



Escort, Inc.





Tweets by @CrittendenAuto








GM Icons
By accessing/using The Crittenden Automotive Library/CarsAndRacingStuff.com, you signify your agreement with the Terms of Use on our Legal Information page. Our Privacy Policy is also available there.

Volkswagen Type 3


Type 3
Vehicle Model

Topic Navigation
Wikipedia: Volkswagen Type 3

Page Sections
History
Photographs
A small car produced by Volkswagen from 1961-1973.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Volkswagen Type 3 page on 2 December 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Volkswagen Type 3 is a compact car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen from 1961 to 1973. Introduced at the 1961 Frankfurt Motor Show, Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA), the Type 3 was marketed as the Volkswagen 1500 and later the Volkswagen 1600, in three body styles: two-door Notchback, Fastback and station wagon, the latter marketed as the 'Variant' in most markets, and 'Squareback' in the United States.

The Type 3 diversified Volkswagen's product range beyond the existing models – the Type 1 (Beetle), Type 14 Karmann Ghia, Type 2 (Bus) – while retaining their engineering principles, notably the air-cooled engine, all round torsion bar suspension, and the rear-engine, rear-wheel drive layout.

The Type 3 followed the Type 1, utilizing a low-profile version of Volkswagen's rear-engined, 4-cylinder air-cooled engine, as well as body-on-chassis construction while featuring ponton styling in contrast to the Type 1's articulated fender and running board. VW finalized the design by 1959 with prototypes ready for testing by 1960. Secrecy was such that even at the 1960 Geneva Auto Show, VW denied they were readying a new design. In 1961 VW announced the new line as the "VW 1500".

Production began in August 1961, a month before launch, of the Volkswagen 1500 Notchback, encompassing three-box styling in a notchback saloon body. Production of the Karmann Ghia 1500 (also known as the Type 34 Karmann Ghia) with a coupé body commenced in November 1961 and deliveries started in January 1962. The estate bodied Variant (marketed as the Squareback in the USA) followed, with the first cars produced in February 1962. Two convertibles based on the 1500 Notchback were also announced with the original models, but did not enter production.

The Fastback, or TL version, a fastback coupé, arrived in August 1965, at the same time the 1600 engine was introduced. Volkswagen's intention was that this model should replace the Notchback, which is what happened in the UK market, but in other markets, including the German domestic market, the number of customers preferring the older Notchback shaped car was higher than foreseen, and in the end both Notchback and Fastback body shapes remained in production until July 1973.

Volkswagen of America began importing the Type 3 in 1966 in the "Squareback" ('Variant' badges were not used in the US market) and "Fastback" but not the Notchback configurations. The Type 3 was competing in the market with the Chevrolet Corvair that had been previously introduced in the United States in 1960, which incorporated a 6-cylinder rear-mounted air-cooled engine in notchback and station wagon body style, as well as a compact van derived from the platform.

In 1968, the Type 3 'E' (Einspritzung) became the first German automobile in series production with electronic fuel injection (Bosch D-Jetronic) as standard equipment. The larger Volkswagen Type 4 was introduced in 1969 which had a similar mechanical layout with further engineering refinements.

For the 1968 model year, 1969 in the USA, a three-speed fully automatic transaxle became available, noted for extremely low internal friction. With the automatic came completely independent rear suspension (IRS), replacing the swing axle set-up. For 1969, the IRS rear axle was standard with both automatic and manual transmissions.

The model received a facelift in 1970, when a 115 mm (4.5 in) nose-lengthening added 1.5 cu ft (42 L) to the luggage capacity.

Volkswagen offered the Type 3 in a lower trim level in Europe, marketed as the 1600A trim level. In the US, and for 1973 only, Volkswagen offered two trim levels of the Type 3 Fastback in the USA, marketed as the Type 3 Sedan and Type 3 Basic Compact. The Basic Compact featured reduced content, including limited color and upholstery availability and without belt line chrome, clock, electric rear window defogger – and with painted frames around the vent windows, a black cardboard front trunk liner over the gas tank without a liner on the sides of the trunk or over the firewall, plain vinyl door panels without door pockets and rubber mats in lieu of interior carpet.

While the Type 3 was a more modern design, it never reached the same level of popularity as the Beetle. As Volkswagen started to produce front-wheel-drive water-cooled designs, production ended in 1973 at the Wolfsburg plant, with production moving to VW's new Emden plant, which was later retooled in 1973 to build the first generation Passat (marketed variously, also as the "Dasher"). The Wolfsburg plant was retooled to build the Golf, which eventually replaced the Type 1 as Volkswagen's best selling sedan.


Photographs

1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback 1965 1500 Notchback
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
2017 Woodstock on the Square Benefit Car Show
View photo of 1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback - 2.0MB
1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback 1965 1500 Notchback
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
2017 Woodstock on the Square Benefit Car Show
View photo of 1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback - 2.8MB
1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback 1965 1500 Notchback
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
2017 Woodstock on the Square Benefit Car Show
View photo of 1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback - 2.8MB
1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback 1965 1500 Notchback
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
2017 Woodstock on the Square Benefit Car Show
View photo of 1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback - 2.5MB
1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback 1965 1500 Notchback
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
2017 Woodstock on the Square Benefit Car Show
View photo of 1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback - 2.8MB
1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback 1965 1500 Notchback
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
2017 Woodstock on the Square Benefit Car Show
View photo of 1965 Volkswagen Type 3 1500 Notchback - 2.4MB
Volkswagen Type 3 1971
Photo ©2016 Bill Crittenden
2016 Lakemoor Charity Car Show
View photo of Volkswagen Type 3 - 3.3MB
Volkswagen Type 3 1971
Photo ©2016 Bill Crittenden
2016 Lakemoor Charity Car Show
View photo of Volkswagen Type 3 - 2.7MB
Volkswagen Type 3 1971
Photo ©2016 Bill Crittenden
2016 Lakemoor Charity Car Show
View photo of Volkswagen Type 3 - 3.9MB
Volkswagen Type 3 1971
Photo ©2016 Bill Crittenden
2016 Lakemoor Charity Car Show
View photo of Volkswagen Type 3 - 1.9MB
Volkswagen Type 3 1971
Photo ©2016 Bill Crittenden
2016 Lakemoor Charity Car Show
View photo of Volkswagen Type 3 - 4.0MB


Connect with The Crittenden Automotive Library

The Crittenden Automotive Library on Facebook The Crittenden Automotive Library on Instagram The Crittenden Automotive Library at The Internet Archive The Crittenden Automotive Library on Pinterest The Crittenden Automotive Library on Twitter The Crittenden Automotive Library on Tumblr


The Crittenden Automotive Library

Home Page    About Us    Contribute