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Buick

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Buick
Vehicle Manufacturer

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Wikipedia: Buick

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Reference Desk
History
Multimedia
Motorsports
Photographs
Documents
Article Index
Merchandise
A manufacturer of cars and SUVs.  A division of General Motors.

Vehicle names used by Buick currently and throughout history include:  Bengal, Centurion, Century, Electra, Enclave, Encore, Estate, GL8, Gran Sport, Lacrosse, LeSabre, Limited, Lucerne, Model 10, Model 35, Model 60, Model C, Park Avenue, Rainier, Reatta, Regal, Rendezvous, Riviera, Roadmaster, Series 90, Skyhawk, Skylark, Somerset, Special, Special Deluxe, Sport Wagon, Super, Terraza, Velite, Verano, and Wildcat.

Dealerships include:
Auffenberg Chevrolet Buick GMC (Farmington, Missouri)
Briggs Buick GMC (Manhattan, Kansas)
Buick-Losey Company (Indianapolis, Indiana)
Carl Black Kennesaw (Kennesaw, Georgia)
City Cadillac Buick GMC (Long Island City, New York)
Crown Buick GMC (Metairie, Louisiana)
Lincoln Park Buick (Chicago, Illinois)
Reichert Chevrolet Buick (Crystal Lake, Illinois)
Reichert Chevrolet Buick Pontiac (Woodstock, Illinois)
Richard Karr Motors (Waco, Texas) Rick Weaver Buick GMC (Erie, Pennsylvania)
Turan Foley Chevrolet Cadillac Buick (Gulfport, Mississippi)
Wakefield Buick (Spartanburg, South Carolina)
Young Chevrolet Cadillac Buick GMC (Owosso, Michigan)

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Buick page on 1 May 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Buick, formally the Buick Motor Division, is an upscale automobile brand of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM). For much of its existence in the North American market, Buick has been marketed as a premium automobile brand, selling luxury vehicles positioned above GM's mainstream brands, e.g. Chevrolet, while below the flagship luxury Cadillac division.

Buick retains the distinction of being the oldest active American marque of automobile, and the original Buick Motor Company was a cornerstone of the establishment of General Motors in 1908. Before the establishment of General Motors, GM founder William C. Durant served as Buick's general manager, while his friend Louis Chevrolet worked as a racing driver for Buick and later learned automotive design working there.

Buick-branded vehicles are sold in the United States, Canada, Mexico, China and Taiwan. In 2015, Buick sold 1,231,941 vehicles, a record for the brand. Since restructuring in 2009, GM has also started to share technology, vehicles and development between Buick and GM's European Opel division.

Early years

Buick, founded in 1899 in Detroit, is one of the oldest automobile brands in the world and the oldest in America, (Autocar, originally an automobile maker but currently strictly a heavy truck maker, and Oldsmobile, a now defunct early auto maker owned by GM, were both founded in 1897. Ford produced his first car in 1896 but did not start the Ford Motor Co. until 1903, and during the period in between was involved with other automobile manufacturers such as Cadillac). It was founded by David Buick as the Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company, an internal combustion engine manufacturer. The first two Buick automobiles were made in 1899 and 1900 by Buick chief-engineer Walter Marr, but David Buick was reluctant to begin making automobiles, being satisfied with stationary and marine engine production, so Marr left Buick in 1901 to found his own automobile company under his own name. His replacement was Eugene Richard, who applied for a patent in 1902 for the valve-in-head engine, which patent, number 771,095, was awarded to David Buick in 1904. This was the world's first overhead valve internal combustion engine, although it was called "valve-in-head" because the cylinders were horizontal so the valves were not actually "overhead." In 1903, the third Buick automobile was made by Richard, but that same year Buick moved to Flint, Michigan, and Richard stayed behind. Marr was rehired in 1904 in Flint as chief engineer, to begin making automobiles in production. That year, 37 Buick automobiles were made, production increasing to 750 in 1905, 1,400 in 1906, 4,641 in 1907, and 8,800 in 1908, taking the number one spot away from close competitors Oldsmobile, Ford, and Maxwell.

David Dunbar Buick incorporated his company as the Buick Motor Company on May 19, 1903, in Detroit, Michigan. In 1904, the company was purchased by James H. Whiting (1842–1919), owner of Flint Wagon Works, in Flint, Michigan, who moved Buick to a location across the street from his factory, with the idea of adding Buick's engines to his wagons. David Buick stayed on as secretary, and re-hired Walter Marr as chief engineer. The engine Buick and Marr developed for this automobile was a 2-cyinder valve-in-head engine of 159 cubic inches, with each cylinder horizontal and opposed to each other by 180 degrees. Whiting built only a few automobiles in 1904, by bringing Buick engines across the street where his workers shoehorned them into his wagons and drove them back across the street as Buicks, before running out of capital, causing him to bring in William C. Durant that year as controlling investor. Durant was co-owner, also in Flint, of the Durant-Dort Carriage Company, which was the largest carriage-making company in the country. Durant spent the next 4 years turning Buick into the biggest-selling automobile brand in the US. In 1907 Buick agreed to supply motors to R. S. McLaughlin in Canada, who made automobiles there, and in 1908 Durant founded General Motors. David Buick was kept for several years as an employee. He sold his stock for a small sum upon departure, and died in modest circumstances 25 years later.


Reference Desk

The Crittenden Automotive Library's "Reference Desk" is a collection of materials that cannot be shared due to copyright restrictions. Information from these resources, however, can be shared. Go to the Reference Desk page for more information.

TypeTitle
1968 Book1968 Buick Owner's Manual (LeSabre, Wildcat, Electra); General Motors Corporation
1972 Book1972 Buick Owner's Manual (Skylark, GS, Sportwagon); General Motors Corporation
1987 BookBuick Mid-Size Rear Wheel Drive Models Automotive Repair Manual by Peter D. du Pré; Haynes North America, Inc.
1999 BookBuick, Oldsmobile & Pontiac Full-size models 1970 thru 1990 Haynes Repair Manual by Ken Freund & John H. Haynes; Haynes Publishing Group
2002 BookFrom a Buick 8 by Stephen King; Scribner


Multimedia

DateMedia or Collection Name & DetailsFiles
1930'sSell the Difference!
The Jam Handy Organization for Buick

Topic Page
- 278MB - 12:21


Motorsports

Buick Regals were used in NASCAR's Winston Cup through the end of the 1991 season.

Championships Won in Buicks

YearSeriesDriverModel
1981NASCAR Winston CupDarrell WaltripRegal
1982NASCAR Winston CupDarrell WaltripRegal
1983NASCAR Winston CupBobby AllisonRegal
1988NASCAR Busch Grand National SeriesTommy Ellis


Photographs

Famous GM Cars Source:  Famous GM Cars
View Famous GM Cars: Buick - 20.3MB
Famous GM Cars Source:  Famous GM Cars
View Famous GM Cars: Buick - 18.3MB
Buick H-6-44 Subject:  1919 Buick H-6-44
Source:  Hand Book of Automobiles, 1919 Edition
View Buick H-6-44 page of Hand Book of Automobiles, 1919 Edition - 446KB
Buick Sedan H-6-47 Subject:  1919 Buick H-6-47
Source:  Hand Book of Automobiles, 1919 Edition
View Buick Sedan H-6-47 page of Hand Book of Automobiles, 1919 Edition - 526KB
1922 Buick Advertisement Subject:  Buick Four-Passenger Six-Cylinder Coupe Advertisement
Source:  Amarillo Daily News
Date:  31 December 1922
View 1922 Buick Advertisement - 265KB
1922 Buick Advertisement Subject:  Buick Coupe
Source:  Washington Times-Herald
Date:  31 December 1922
View 1922 Buick Advertisement - 3.7MB
1925 Buick Advertisement Subject:  1925 Buick Advertisement
Source:  Barrington Review
Publication Date:  23 April 1925
View image of 1925 Buick Advertisement - 236KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,838KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,547KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,122KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 2,840KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,597KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,335KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,144KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 4,030KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,938KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,758KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 3,925KB
1928 Buick Subject:  1928 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1928 Buick - 4,609KB
Custom 1932 Buick Woody Subject:  Custom 1932 Buick Woody
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
View photo of Custom 1932 Buick Woody - 4,633KB
Custom 1932 Buick Woody Subject:  Custom 1932 Buick Woody
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
View photo of Custom 1932 Buick Woody - 3,716KB
Custom 1932 Buick Woody Subject:  Custom 1932 Buick Woody
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
View photo of Custom 1932 Buick Woody - 5,632KB
Custom 1932 Buick Woody Subject:  Custom 1932 Buick Woody
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
View photo of Custom 1932 Buick Woody - 3,589KB
Custom 1932 Buick Woody Subject:  Custom 1932 Buick Woody
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2009 Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
View photo of Custom 1932 Buick Woody - 3,653KB
Buick Eight Subject:  Buick Eight
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Location:  Klapp Motor Sales
Date:  2009
View photo of Buick Eight - 4,228KB
Buick Eight Subject:  Buick Eight
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Location:  Klapp Motor Sales
Date:  2009
View photo of Buick Eight - 3,656KB
1938 Buick Subject:  1938 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2013 Mecum Chicago Auction
Auction Info:  Reserve not met, high bid $12,000.
View photo of 1938 Buick - 3.3MB
Dad's Home - 1940 Buick Art Subject:  Dad's Home
Artist:  Ken Eberts
Car:  1940 Buick
Source:  CarArt.us
View "Dad's Home" - 1940 Buick Art - 84KB
View "Dad's Home" (Framed) - 1934 Ford Art - 47KB
1953 Buick Advertisement Subject:  1953 Buick Advertisement
Source:  The Saturday Evening Post
View photo of 1953 Buick Advertisement - 48.9MB
1953 Buick Wagon Subject:  1953 Buick Wagon die cast by Danbury Mint
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden

Event:  C.A.R.S. in Miniature October 2010 Meeting
View photo of 1953 Buick Wagon - 3,769KB
1955 Buick Subject:  1955 Buick
Photographer:  John Walczak
Event:  2007 Lensing Autumn Classic Car Show
View photo of 1955 Buick - 3,222KB
1958 Buick Subject:  Modified 1958 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  4th Annual Grass Lake PTO "Cars for Kids" Classic & Hot Rod Show
View photo of 1958 Buick - 3,737KB
1958 Buick Subject:  Modified 1958 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  4th Annual Grass Lake PTO "Cars for Kids" Classic & Hot Rod Show
View photo of 1958 Buick - 2,981KB
1958 Buick Subject:  Modified 1958 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  4th Annual Grass Lake PTO "Cars for Kids" Classic & Hot Rod Show
View photo of 1958 Buick - 3,751KB
1958 Buick Subject:  Modified 1958 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  4th Annual Grass Lake PTO "Cars for Kids" Classic & Hot Rod Show
View photo of 1958 Buick - 3,011KB
1958 Buick Subject:  Modified 1958 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  4th Annual Grass Lake PTO "Cars for Kids" Classic & Hot Rod Show
View photo of 1958 Buick - 3,314KB
1958 Buick Subject:  Modified 1958 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  4th Annual Grass Lake PTO "Cars for Kids" Classic & Hot Rod Show
View photo of 1958 Buick - 3,429KB
1958 Buick Subject:  Modified 1958 Buick
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  4th Annual Grass Lake PTO "Cars for Kids" Classic & Hot Rod Show
View photo of 1958 Buick - 2,979KB
Photo ©2007 John Walczak
View photo of Buick - 3,549KB
1962 Buick 400SL Model Car Subject:  1962 Buick 400SL scale model
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
Model Build Info:  Fantasy car to compete with the Mercedes-Benz 300SL.
View photo of 1962 Buick 400SL Model Car - 2.7MB
1962 Buick 400SL Model Car Subject:  1962 Buick 400SL scale model
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
Model Build Info:  Fantasy car to compete with the Mercedes-Benz 300SL.
View photo of 1962 Buick 400SL Model Car - 2.4MB
1962 Buick 400SL Model Car Subject:  1962 Buick 400SL scale model
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
Model Build Info:  Fantasy car to compete with the Mercedes-Benz 300SL.
View photo of 1962 Buick 400SL Model Car - 2.5MB
1962 Buick Limousine Subject:  1962 Buick Limousine scale model
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Event:  2012 Attack of the Plastic
Model Build Info:  Made from two '62 Buick model kits.
View photo of 1962 Buick Limousine Model - 4.0MB
Buick Gran Sport Station Wagon Subject:  Buick Gran Sport Station Wagon
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Date:  12 June 2010
View photo of Buick Gran Sport Station Wagon - 3,825KB
Buick Gran Sport Station Wagon Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
June 12, 2010
View photo of Buick Gran Sport Station Wagon - 3,788KB
Buick Gran Sport Station Wagon Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
June 12, 2010
View photo of Buick Gran Sport Station Wagon - 4,110KB


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
31 March 1967NHTSA Recall 67V034000
1967 Buick, 1967 Oldsmobile, 1967 Pontiac
Recall Page - 1 page


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
22 February 1909BUICK CAR MAKES 100-MILE RECORDThe New York Times
20 February 1910THREE BUICK MACHINES SOLD BEFORE EXHIBITLos Angeles Herald
2 July 1922NEW MOTOR BUILDING.The New York Times
2 August 1922AUTOMOBILE PRICE WAR IS PREDICTEDThe New York Times
31 December 1922GIVES REASONS FOR NEW MARK SET BY BUICKThe Bisbee Daily Review
4 March 1954Buick Borrows Features from 'Dream' Cars The Spartanburg Herald
17 October 2002GM Dealer, Eric Dickerson, to Join National Buick Dealer Advisory CouncilGeneral Motors Minority Dealers Association
29 November 2003Buick Works Hard to Perk Up Its ImageJohn Birchard, VOA News
21 January 2006Advice for BuickBill Crittenden
21 April 2007'Super' Buicks: The ReturnJerick Brooks
8 March 2009Buick: More than a Century of ExcellenceRonnie Tanner
24 January 2011The Formidable Buick GSWilliam Jason
5 September 2011Americans Owe A Debt Of Gratitude To One Of America's Auto PioneersKenneth Cobbler
2 August 2012Used Buick CarsClint Dixon
18 October 2012A New Vision for General MotorsBill Crittenden
13 November 2012Buick's Verano a MiscommunicationBill Crittenden
24 June 2015Why Won't Anyone Make a "Jitterbug Car?"Bill Crittenden
14 April 2016SoCal Buick GMC Breaks Digital Agency Ranks, Becomes Fastest Growing Region in the U.S.Flash Point Communications
13 November 2020OKCarz Helps Customers Shop by Detailing Used Buick ModelsOKCarz


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast - Motor Max 731161949 Buick1:18 scale convertible


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