Wikipedia: Buick Enclave
The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Buick Enclave page on 7 September 2019, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
The Buick Enclave is a mid-size crossover SUV launched in 2008. The Enclave, the GMC Acadia, and Chevrolet Traverse all share the GM Lambda platform. The Enclave was previewed at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, officially as a concept car, making it the first Lambda vehicle to be displayed. The Enclave is partially based on the Buick Centieme concept shown at the 2003 Detroit Auto Show.
The Enclave replaced both of Buick's SUVs, the minivan-based Rendezvous and the truck-based Rainier, as well as the Terraza minivan. As of February 2014, the 2014 Enclave was the top-ranked Affordable Midsize SUV in U.S. News & World Report's rankings. The second-generation Enclave was officially revealed at the 2017 New York Auto Show in New York, New York.
First generation (2008–2017)
The Enclave has seating for seven passengers, with an optional second row bench seat instead of the standard two captain chairs which increases the seating to eight. It comes standard with front-wheel drive with an option of all-wheel drive.
The Enclave shares powertrains with its Lambda siblings. For its first year of production, the Enclave was powered by a 275 hp (205 kW) 3.6 L High Feature V6 engine mated to a six-speed automatic transmission. For the 2009 model, an upgraded power boost for the 3.6 L V6 Direct Injection Spark Ignition VVT is now at 288 hp (215 kW) and 270 lb⋅ft (366 N⋅m) of torque standard (also standard on other 2009 Lambdas). The latter direct-injection engine offers a broader torque curve, and brings fuel economy to 17 mpg‑US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg‑imp)/24 mpg‑US (9.8 L/100 km; 29 mpg‑imp) for FWD models and 16 mpg‑US (15 L/100 km; 19 mpg‑imp)/22 mpg‑US (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg‑imp) for AWD models, according to the new United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates. The Lambda vehicles are built at GM's new Delta Township Assembly plant near Lansing, Michigan, and production of the Enclave commenced on April 11, 2007, with the first vehicles reaching certain dealers by the end of the month. The Enclave debuted with a starting price of $32,790.
The Enclave is often praised for its subsequently vast cargo space while maintaining the relatively dynamic nature of unibody construction over the conventional body-on-frame. It is also praised for being one of the quietest vehicles available for sale in the United States, as well as for the quality of the interior.
In its first year of production, the Enclave was often criticized for its 6-speed transmission, which was "hesitant to downshift." For 2009, though, the powertrain is regarded as more competent with more abundant torque. For its entire production, it has been regarded as too heavy, weighing nearly 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg) with all-wheel-drive. Buick's VentiPorts have reappeared at the Enclave's introduction, a styling feature unique to Buick dating back to 1949.
Second generation (2018–present)
On April 11, 2017, exactly 10 years after the first Enclave was produced, Buick unveiled the second generation Enclave at the Pier 59 Studios during the 2017 New York Auto Show. With the introduction of the compact Buick Envision in 2016 and the launching of the Opel Insignia-badged Buick Regal TourX wagon, the next generation Enclave moved upmarket, competing with the Volvo XC90, Infiniti QX60, and Acura MDX in the premium crossover SUV market. The second generation Enclave went on sale in the Fall of 2017 as a 2018 model.
The long-wheelbase version of GM’s C1XX chassis sharing the same platform with the Chevrolet Traverse, the second generation Enclave moved away from the egg-shaped design but retains some elements of the previous generation, displaying a sleeker aerodynamic appearance, a lower roofline, and the introduction of the Evonik Acrylite exterior forward lighting flanking Buick's new three-dimensional mesh grille with chrome wings.
Powered by a 3.6-liter V-6 mated to a new nine-speed automatic transmission, it produces 310 hp (231 kW) with 266 ft⋅lb (361 N⋅m) torque. The second generation Enclave comes in standard Front-drive or available with Intelligent AWD with an active twin-clutch rear differential, which compliments its first switchable all-wheel-drive system. There are three level trims, including a new top of the line premium Avenir sub-brand.
|Vehicle Type||4-door SUV||4-door SUV|
|Valvetrain||DOHC VVT||DOHC VVT|
|Horsepower (SAE Net)||275 bhp @ 6600 rpm||275 bhp @ 6600 rpm|
|Torque (SAE Net)||251 lb.-ft. @ 3200 rpm||251 lb.-ft. @ 3200 rpm|
|Front Shoulder Room||62.0"||62.0"|
|Middle Shoulder Room||61.4"||61.4"|
|Rear Shoulder Room||57.4"||57.4"|
|Front Hip Room||57.4"||57.4"|
|Middle Hip Room||57.0"||57.0"|
|Rear Hip Room||48.3"||48.3"|
|Cargo Volume (behind third row seat)||18.9 cu. ft.||18.9 cu. ft.|
|Cargo Volume (behind second row seats with third row folded down)||67.5 cu. ft.||67.5 cu. ft.|
|Cargo Volume (behind first row seats with second and third rows folded down)||116.2 cu. ft.||116.2 cu. ft.|
|Fuel Economy||16 city/24 highway (EPA)||16 city/22 highway (EPA)|
|Fuel Capacity||22 gallons||22 gallons|
|Towing Capacity||4500 lbs. with Trailer Provision Package||4500 lbs. with Trailer Provision Package|
Heated washer fluid
Halogen fog lamps
Xenon headlights that turn with front wheels
Turn signals in rear-view mirrors
Tinted side and rear glass
Dual chromed exhaust tips
Remote-operated power liftgate
StabiliTrak stability control
PASS-Key III theft deterrent system
Front-row side impact airbags
Dual-stage front airbags
Three-row head-curtain airbags
Tri-zone automatic climate control
Back-up camera (optional)
Bose 5.1 audio system with MP3 (optional)
Smart Slide second row seats
DVD player with 8-inch screen (optional)
|11 June 2007||Buick Enclave Presents Strong Competition||Anthony Fontanelle|
|14 June 2007||General Motors To Introduce New Buick Enclave For 2008 Model Year||Anthony Fontanelle|
|3 July 2007||What The New Enclave Brings For Buick||Anthony Fontanelle|
|5 June 2008||Enclave: Out Comes the Best-looking Buick||Anthony Fontanelle|
|16 June 2016||Three GM Cars Top American University's 2016 Kogod Made in America Auto Index||American University|
|13 April 2017||Buick unveils its luxurious 2018 Buick Enclave Avenir||Mary Conway, TorqueNews|
|Date||Document Name & Details||Documents|
|20 February 2014||14V-092|
To: Nancy Lewis, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
From: Carmen Benavides, General Motors LLC
PDF - 2.5MB - 4 pages
|21 February 2014||NHTSA Recall 14V092000 2014 Buick Enclave, 2014 Buick Lacrosse, 2014 Buick Regal, 2014 Buick Verano, 2014 Chevrolet Cruze, 2014 Chevrolet Impala, 2014 Chevrolet Malibu, 2014 Chevrolet Traverse, 2014 GMC Acadia|
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
|Recall Page - 1 page|
|20 March 2014||Broken Transmission Adjuster Cable/FMVSS 102/114|
To: Carmen Benavides, General Motors LLC
From: Jennifer Timian, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
PDF - 50KB - 2 pages
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