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Carol M. Browner

American Government

Carol M. Browner

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Wikipedia: Carol Browner

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Former administrator of the EPA.


The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Carol Browner page on 2 December 2020, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Carol Martha Browner is an American lawyer, environmentalist, and businesswoman, who served as director of the White House Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy in the Obama administration from 2009 to 2011. Browner previously served as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) during the Clinton administration from 1993 to 2001. She currently works as a Senior Counselor at Albright Stonebridge Group, a global business strategy firm.

Browner grew up in Florida and graduated from the University of Florida and the University of Florida College of Law. After working for the Florida House of Representatives, she was employed by Citizen Action in Washington, D.C. She became a legislative assistant for Senators Lawton Chiles and Al Gore. Browner then headed the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation from 1991 to 1993, where she turned it into one of the most active departments in the state government.

She was the longest-serving administrator in the history of the EPA, staying through both terms of the Clinton presidency. During her tenure, she reorganized the agency's enforcement structure and oversaw two new programs designed to create flexible partnerships with industry as an alternative to traditional regulation. She started a successful program to deal with contaminated lands in urban areas. She took the lead within the administration in defending existing environmental laws and budgets, and was the driving force behind a stringent tightening of air quality standards that led to a prolonged political and legal battle.

Afterward, Browner became a founding member of the Albright Group and Albright Capital Management in 2001. She also served on a number of boards of directors and committees dealing with environmental issues. Her director role in the Obama administration was sometimes informally referred to as the "Energy Czar" or "Climate Czar". Her efforts towards getting comprehensive climate and energy legislation passed in Congress came to no avail, but she assumed a prominent role in the federal government's response to the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill during 2010. She left her position in 2011 and the job itself was abolished shortly thereafter. Following that she rejoined the merged Albright Stonebridge Group, continued being active in several boards of environmental organizations, joined the boards of some energy- and agriculture-related companies, and became an advocate for nuclear energy in response to the dangers of global warming.

Article Index

6 January 1994Revisions to Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Calculations Pursuant to the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act of 1993Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
24 January 1994Federal Highway Funding Assistance Limitations and Emissions Offset Requirements; IllinoisFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
24 January 1994Federal Highway Funding Assistance Limitations and Emissions Offset Requirements; IndianaFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
24 January 1994Imposition of Statewide Sanctions on California Under Clean Air Act Section 110(m) for Failure to Submit a Complete SIP Revision for an Enhanced Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance ProgramFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
8 February 1994National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Category: Gasoline Distribution (Stage I), Proposed RuleFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
24 March 1994Air Pollution Control: Amendments To Regulations Governing the Importation of Nonconforming VehiclesFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
6 April 1994Control of Air Pollution From New Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines; Refueling Emission Regulations for Light-Duty Vehicles and Light-Duty Trucks; Final RuleFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
26 April 1994Proposed Rulemaking on Ozone Transport Commission; Emission Vehicle Program for the Northeast Ozone Transport RegionFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
3 May 1994Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Individual Foreign Refinery Baseline Requirements for Reformulated GasolineFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
27 June 1994Fuels and Fuel Additives Registration Regulations; Final RuleFederal Register: EPA (Carol M. Browner)
1 July 1994Short Test Emission Regulations for 1996 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicles and Light-Duty Trucks and Revised Performance Warranty Regulations, and Revisions to Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Calculations Pursuant to the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act of 1993; CorrectionFederal Register: EPA (Carol M. Browner)
14 July 1994Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives; Fuel Quality Regulations for Highway Diesel Fuel Sold in 1993 and Later Calendar Years; Interim Final RuleFederal Register: EPA (Carol M. Browner)
7 March 1996Advertisement by Ethyl CorporationCarol M. Browner
13 May 1996World Conference on International Fuel QualityCarol M. Browner
4 February 1998Advanced Vehicle Technologies EventCarol M. Browner
10 February 1998Technical Amendments to Minor Amendments to Inspection/Maintenance Program Requirements; Correction of Effective Date Under Congressional Review Act (CRA)Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
11 March 1998Control of Air Pollution From Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines; Increase of the Vehicle Mass for 3-Wheeled MotorcyclesFederal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
26 March 1998Retrofit/Rebuild Requirements for 1993 and Earlier Model Year Urban Buses; Additional Update of Post-Rebuild Emission Levels in 1998Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)
25 September 1998World Fuels ConferenceCarol M. Browner
22 July 1999BP/Amoco Luncheon Announcement Atlanta, GACarol M. Browner
20 March 2000Fuel Additive MTBECarol M. Browner

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