Carol M. Browner
Wikipedia: Carol Browner
The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Carol Browner page on 2 December 2020, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Carol Martha Browner is an American lawyer, environmentalist, and businesswoman, who served as director of the White House Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy in the Obama administration from 2009 to 2011. Browner previously served as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) during the Clinton administration from 1993 to 2001. She currently works as a Senior Counselor at Albright Stonebridge Group, a global business strategy firm.
Browner grew up in Florida and graduated from the University of Florida and the University of Florida College of Law. After working for the Florida House of Representatives, she was employed by Citizen Action in Washington, D.C. She became a legislative assistant for Senators Lawton Chiles and Al Gore. Browner then headed the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation from 1991 to 1993, where she turned it into one of the most active departments in the state government.
She was the longest-serving administrator in the history of the EPA, staying through both terms of the Clinton presidency. During her tenure, she reorganized the agency's enforcement structure and oversaw two new programs designed to create flexible partnerships with industry as an alternative to traditional regulation. She started a successful program to deal with contaminated lands in urban areas. She took the lead within the administration in defending existing environmental laws and budgets, and was the driving force behind a stringent tightening of air quality standards that led to a prolonged political and legal battle.
Afterward, Browner became a founding member of the Albright Group and Albright Capital Management in 2001. She also served on a number of boards of directors and committees dealing with environmental issues. Her director role in the Obama administration was sometimes informally referred to as the "Energy Czar" or "Climate Czar". Her efforts towards getting comprehensive climate and energy legislation passed in Congress came to no avail, but she assumed a prominent role in the federal government's response to the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill during 2010. She left her position in 2011 and the job itself was abolished shortly thereafter. Following that she rejoined the merged Albright Stonebridge Group, continued being active in several boards of environmental organizations, joined the boards of some energy- and agriculture-related companies, and became an advocate for nuclear energy in response to the dangers of global warming.
|6 January 1994||Revisions to Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Calculations Pursuant to the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act of 1993||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|24 January 1994||Federal Highway Funding Assistance Limitations and Emissions Offset Requirements; Illinois||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|24 January 1994||Federal Highway Funding Assistance Limitations and Emissions Offset Requirements; Indiana||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|24 January 1994||Imposition of Statewide Sanctions on California Under Clean Air Act Section 110(m) for Failure to Submit a Complete SIP Revision for an Enhanced Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|8 February 1994||National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Category: Gasoline Distribution (Stage I), Proposed Rule||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|24 March 1994||Air Pollution Control: Amendments To Regulations Governing the Importation of Nonconforming Vehicles||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|6 April 1994||Control of Air Pollution From New Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines; Refueling Emission Regulations for Light-Duty Vehicles and Light-Duty Trucks; Final Rule||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|26 April 1994||Proposed Rulemaking on Ozone Transport Commission; Emission Vehicle Program for the Northeast Ozone Transport Region||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|3 May 1994||Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Individual Foreign Refinery Baseline Requirements for Reformulated Gasoline||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|27 June 1994||Fuels and Fuel Additives Registration Regulations; Final Rule||Federal Register: EPA (Carol M. Browner)|
|1 July 1994||Short Test Emission Regulations for 1996 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicles and Light-Duty Trucks and Revised Performance Warranty Regulations, and Revisions to Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Calculations Pursuant to the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act of 1993; Correction||Federal Register: EPA (Carol M. Browner)|
|14 July 1994||Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives; Fuel Quality Regulations for Highway Diesel Fuel Sold in 1993 and Later Calendar Years; Interim Final Rule||Federal Register: EPA (Carol M. Browner)|
|7 March 1996||Advertisement by Ethyl Corporation||Carol M. Browner|
|13 May 1996||World Conference on International Fuel Quality||Carol M. Browner|
|4 February 1998||Advanced Vehicle Technologies Event||Carol M. Browner|
|10 February 1998||Technical Amendments to Minor Amendments to Inspection/Maintenance Program Requirements; Correction of Effective Date Under Congressional Review Act (CRA)||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|11 March 1998||Control of Air Pollution From Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines; Increase of the Vehicle Mass for 3-Wheeled Motorcycles||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|26 March 1998||Retrofit/Rebuild Requirements for 1993 and Earlier Model Year Urban Buses; Additional Update of Post-Rebuild Emission Levels in 1998||Federal Register: EPA (Carol Browner)|
|25 September 1998||World Fuels Conference||Carol M. Browner|
|22 July 1999||BP/Amoco Luncheon Announcement Atlanta, GA||Carol M. Browner|
|20 March 2000||Fuel Additive MTBE||Carol M. Browner|
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