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European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP)

European New Car Assessment Programme
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Official Site: euroncap.com
Wikipedia: Euro NCAP

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A safety testing program founded in 1997 and based in Brussels, Belgium.


The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Euro NCAP page on 13 May 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) is a European car safety performance assessment programme based in Brussels (Belgium) and founded in 1997 by the Transport Research Laboratory for the UK Department for Transport and backed by several European governments, as well as by the European Union.

Euro NCAP is a voluntary vehicle safety rating system which originated in the UK but is now backed by the European Commission, seven European governments, as well as motoring and consumer organisations in every EU country.

The programme is modelled after the New Car Assessment Program (NCAP), introduced 1979 by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Other areas with similar (but not identical) programmes include Australia and New Zealand with ANCAP, Latin America with Latin NCAP and China with C-NCAP.

They publish safety reports on new cars, and awards 'star ratings' based on the performance of the vehicles in a variety of crash tests, including front, side and pole impacts, and impacts with pedestrians. The top overall rating is five stars.

The frontal tests are performed at 64 km/h (40 mph) into an offset deformable barrier. This is designed to represent an impact with a vehicle of similar mass and structure as the car itself. The side impact tests are performed at 50 km/h (31 mph), but the side impact pole test is performed at 32 km/h (20 mph). The pedestrian safety tests are performed at 40 km/h (25 mph).

From January 1, 2009 they adopted the rear-impact (whiplash) test as part of its new crash-test regime. This new rating system also focused more of the overall score on pedestrian protection; Euro NCAP were concerned that car manufacturers were too fixed on occupant safety rather than the safety of those outside the vehicle. Results of the first cars to be tested under the new scheme were released in February 2009.

Over the years, European automakers' cars have become much safer, partly as a result of the Euro NCAP standards. Test results are commonly presented by motor press, and in turn greatly influence consumer demand for a vehicle. One notable example of this is the Rover 100, which after receiving a one-star Adult Occupant Rating in the tests in 1997, suffered from poor sales and was withdrawn from production soon afterwards. BMW's 2007 MINI, for example, had its bonnet and headlamp fixture changed to meet the latest pedestrian safety requirements.

Testing is not mandatory, with vehicle models either being independently chosen by Euro NCAP or voluntarily tested by the manufacturers. In Europe, new cars are certified as legal for sale under the Whole Vehicle Type Approval regimen that differs from Euro NCAP. According to Euro NCAP, "The frontal and side impact crash tests used by Euro NCAP are based on those used in European legislation. However, much higher performance requirements are used by Euro NCAP. The frontal impact speed used by Euro NCAP is 64 km/h compared 56 km/h for legislation." Euro NCAP also states that "Legislation sets a minimum compulsory standard whilst Euro NCAP is concerned with best possible current practice. Progress with vehicle safety legislation can be slow, particularly as all EU Member States’ views have to be taken into account. Also, once in place, legislation provides no further incentive to improve, whereas Euro NCAP provides a continuing incentive by regularly enhancing its assessment procedures to stimulate further improvements in vehicle safety."

Article Index

20 February 2004New car assessment programmes, such as EuroNCAP have contributed toward raising consumer awareness of passive safety technologiesResearch and Markets Ltd.
26 August 2009Safety comes cleanEuro NCAP
18 November 2009Euro NCAP awarded Prince Michael Road Safety AwardEuro NCAP
25 November 2009Safety: Defying Brand ExpectationEuro NCAP
28 January 2010Euro NCAP's top five achievers of 2009Euro NCAP
2 June 2010Euro NCAP launches new multi-lingual website - Safety information for millions moreEuro NCAP
18 June 2010Euro NCAP elects professor Andre Seeck as new presidentEuro NCAP
30 June 2010Euro NCAP to announce new initiative at the upcoming eSafety ChallengeEuro NCAP
13 July 2010Euro NCAP to Reward Advanced Safety TechnologiesEuro NCAP
25 August 2010Euro NCAP commences it's focus on Plug-In vehicles and advanced safety technologiesEuro NCAP
1 October 2010Euro NCAP to Reward Advanced Safety TechnologiesEuro NCAP
2 October 2010Euro NCAP reveals today’s best safety innovationsEuro NCAP
18 October 2010Latin NCAP joining worldwide NCAP consumer testing for automotive safetyEuro NCAP
24 November 2010Euro NCAP publishing first Chinese vehicle ratingEuro NCAP
16 December 2010Automobile Club d’Italia joins Euro NCAPEuro NCAP
27 January 2011Best performing cars of 2010Euro NCAP
23 February 2011Euro NCAP now testing plug-in electric vehiclesEuro NCAP
23 May 2011Euro NCAP’s standard set for upcoming electric and range-extender carsEuro NCAP
24 August 2011More 5 stars but upcoming tougher requirements.Euro NCAP
26 October 2011Euro NCAP awards first 5 star rating for a pick-upEuro NCAP
23 November 2011Chinese manufacturers investing in safetyEuro NCAP
31 January 2012Best in Class Cars of 2011Euro NCAP
22 February 2012Jeep Compass disappoints, Honda Civic impressesEuro NCAP
23 May 2012More car manufacturers getting in step with higher pedestrian safety standardsEuro NCAP
13 June 2012Euro NCAP to drive availability of AEB systems for safer cars in EuropeEuro NCAP
29 August 2012When innovation and a world first brings higher vehicle safetyEuro NCAP
28 November 2012Dacia budgets on safetyEuro NCAP
12 December 2012Euro NCAP tests the Safety of Business and Family VansEuro NCAP
19 December 2012Fading Stars: Toyota Aygo and Twins Disappoint in Safety TestsEuro NCAP
23 January 2013Euro NCAP 2012 Best in Class CarsEuro NCAP
5 March 2013Euro NCAP latest resultsEuro NCAP
24 April 2013Middle of the Road: Mercedes satisfied with 3 star CitanEuro NCAP
29 May 2013Euro NCAP publishes four new resultsEuro NCAP
26 June 2013The latest Euro NCAP results and more AEB systems rewardedEuro NCAP
4 September 2013Euro NCAP latest round of crash testsEuro NCAP
25 September 2013China’s Shining Star - Qoros gets Maximum Safety RatingEuro NCAP
23 October 2013Latest Round of Euro NCAP Crash TestsEuro NCAP
27 November 2013Euro NCAP Publishes the Results of Eleven VehiclesEuro NCAP
9 January 2014Euro NCAP's Best in Class Cars of 2013Euro NCAP
11 January 2014Euro NCAP Favour The Zoe Geoff Maxted, DriveWrite Automotive
14 May 2014The Latest Euro NCAP Results Are RevealedEuro NCAP
16 June 2014Euro NCAP’s Spotlight Falls on Heavy QuadricyclesEuro NCAP
25 June 2014Euro NCAP Latest Round of Crash TestsEuro NCAP
3 September 2014Euro NCAP Reveals Latest Safety RatingsEuro NCAP
5 November 2014Euro NCAP's Latest Safety Ratings Reveal Good PerformersEuro NCAP
3 December 2014Porsche Premieres with 5 Star Macan, Dacia Logan Falls BehindEuro NCAP
10 December 2014EVs and Urban Crossovers to end Euro NCAP's yearEuro NCAP
7 January 2015Euro NCAP Best in Class Cars of 2014Euro NCAP
25 February 2015The New Audi TT Peaks at Four StarsEuro NCAP
22 April 2015Euro NCAP Reveals Latest Safety RatingsEuro NCAP
13 May 2015Study Confirms High Effectiveness of Low Speed Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB)Euro NCAP
24 June 2015Skoda Superb Joining the Ranks of Top Safety AchieversEuro NCAP
2 September 2015New ratings released ahead of the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show Euro NCAP
7 October 2015Tucson Tops Latest Euro NCAP ResultsEuro NCAP
4 November 2015Top Marks for Audi and HondaEuro NCAP
10 November 2015Euro NCAP Puts Autonomous Pedestrian Detection to the Test Euro NCAP
2 December 2015Euro NCAP's Star Cars: Episode VIIEuro NCAP
16 December 2015Euro NCAP Reveals Latest Ratings for 2015Euro NCAP
13 January 2016Euro NCAP Best in Class cars of 2015Euro NCAP
6 April 2016Quadricycle Safety at a StandstillEuro NCAP
20 April 2016Euro NCAP Premieres First Rating with Pedestrian DetectionEuro NCAP
22 June 2016Top of the Stops - AEB Makes an ImpactEuro NCAP
30 November 2016Latest Euro NCAP safety ratings for 2016Euro NCAP

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