Official Site: McLaren.com
Wikipedia: McLaren Automotive
The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's McLaren page on 2 December 2020, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Formula One constructor and also has a history of competing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The team is the second oldest active, and second most successful Formula One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, 12 Drivers' Championships and eight Constructors' Championships. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group.
Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest initial success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.
In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and shortly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the team. This began the team's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Drivers' Championships and the team took six Constructors' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant—together they won all but one race in 1988—but later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent challenge during this period, the two winning every constructors' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had moved to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further championships came in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008.
The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's McLaren Automotive page on 2 December 2020, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
McLaren Automotive (formerly known as McLaren Cars) is a British automotive manufacturer based at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, Surrey. The main products of the company are super cars, which are produced in-house in designated production facilities. In July 2017, McLaren Automotive became a 100% owned subsidiary of the wider McLaren Group.
McLaren Automotive replaced McLaren Cars in 2010. McLaren Cars was founded in 1985. The company went on to release the McLaren F1 in 1992. Between 1994 and 2010, McLaren Cars was registered as a 'dormant company', before the founding of McLaren Automotive in 2010. The new company was originally separate from the existing McLaren companies to enable investment in the new venture, but was brought together in July 2017 after Ron Dennis sold his shares in McLaren Automotive and McLaren Technology Group.
McLaren's Formula One founder Bruce McLaren was born in Auckland, New Zealand in 1937. McLaren learned about cars and engineering at his parent's service station and workshop in his hometown, Auckland, New Zealand. By 15, he had entered a local hillclimb in an Austin 7 Ulster; winning his first race in the car. In 1958, McLaren arrived in the United Kingdom with the ‘Driver to Europe’ scheme, intended to help Australian and New Zealand racers to compete in Europe. His mentor, Jack Brabham introduced him to Cooper Cars, a small team based in Surbiton, Surrey. Auspiciously starting his Formula One career in 1958, McLaren joined the Formula One team a year later. That same year, he won the US Grand Prix at age 22, making him the youngest Grand Prix winner to that date. He stayed with Cooper for a further seven years, winning three more Grands Prix and other races, driving for Jaguar and Aston Martin, & winning the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1966 with Ford.
McLaren founded Bruce McLaren Motor Racing in 1963. A year later, the company built the first McLaren race car – the M1A; 24 were produced. Its successor, the M1B, allowed McLaren into the Can-Am championship and emerged the dominant victor with 43 victories, almost three times more than rival Porsche. In 1965, the first McLaren Formula One car, the M2B, debuted at the Monaco Grand Prix.
After his victories and time in the F3, McLaren was designing and testing a prototype M6GT-registered OBH 500H, a light sports car with an estimated top speed of 165 mph and zero to 100 mph time of eight seconds. However, McLaren died in a car accident in 1970 before the prototype could be completed.
In 1980, the company merged with Ron Dennis’ Project 4 Racing team. The merger brought back designer, John Barnard, interested in using carbon fibre composite. Carbon fibre was already used in aerospace applications but had never been applied to a complete racing car monocoque. McLaren pioneered the use of carbon fibre in motor racing with its new car, the MP4/1, bringing new levels of rigidity and driver safety to Formula 1. In August 1988, Dennis, Team Principal and Gordon Murray started to develop a new car and in 1992, the F1 was launched with a total production run of just 106 units.
Following a brief collaboration with Mercedes-Benz for the SLR McLaren, McLaren Automotive was re-launched as a standalone manufacturer in 2010, spinning off McLaren Racing. The company launched the 12C in 2011 and the Spider model in 2012. The limited-run P1 went into production in 2013 and ended in 2015. After introducing a business plan to release a car or model every year, the company unveiled the 650S in Coupé and Spider models in 2014, and unveiled the new Sports Series range comprising the McLaren 570S and 540C in 2015. The company debuted a car for kids, the P1TM, after the P1, in September 2016 and announced the same month that they are developing a powerful battery for Formula E. On October 2016, councillors were reported to be looking at a proposition for land opposite of the McLaren Technology Centre for construction and announced the "Pure McLaren Arctic Experience" the same month, an event where a participant is trained to drive a 570S in the Arctic Circle.
Championships Won by McLaren
Manufacturer's championships won by McLaren.
|1974||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Ford Engines|
|1984||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||TAG Engines|
|1985||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||TAG Engines|
|1988||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Honda Engines|
|1989||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Honda Engines|
|1990||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Honda Engines|
|1991||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Honda Engines|
|1998||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Mercedes Engines|
Championships Won in McLarens
Drivers' championships won driving McLaren cars.
|1974||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Emerson Fittipaldi||Ford Engines|
|1976||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||James Hunt||Ford Engines|
|1984||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Niki Lauda||TAG Engines|
|1985||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Alain Prost||TAG Engines|
|1986||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Alain Prost||TAG Engines|
|1988||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Ayrton Senna||Honda Engines|
|1989||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Alain Prost||Honda Engines|
|1990||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Ayrton Senna||Honda Engines|
|1991||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Ayrton Senna||Honda Engines|
|1998||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Mika Hakkinen||Mercedes Engines|
|1999||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Mika Hakkinen||Mercedes Engines|
|2008||FIA Formula 1 World Championship||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes Engines|
|March-April 1972||BOOK REVIEW: McLAREN! THE MAN, THE CARS & THE TEAM||Antique Automobile|
|28 March 2005||McLaren-Mercedes in Bahrain ohne Montoya?||Wikinews|
|29 March 2005||Spanische Presse: Drei Rennen Pause für Montoya||Wikinews|
|30 March 2005||Offiziell: Montoya pausiert - de la Rosa Ersatzmann||Wikinews|
|19 December 2005||Fernando Alonso firma contrato con McLaren Mercedes||Wikinoticias|
|Decmeber 19, 2005||Fernando Alonso wechselt zu McLaren-Mercedes||Wikinews|
|Decmeber 19, 2005||Gary Paffet wird Testfahrer bei McLaren-Mercedes||Wikinews|
|8 March 2006||Fluggesellschaft aus den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten wird Sponsor bei der Formel 1||Wikinews|
|11 July 2006||Pedro Martínez de la Rosa reemplaza a Juan Pablo Montoya en McLaren||Wikinoticias|
|21 March 2007||2007 Australian Grand Prix: Nice Start For McLaren Mercedes||Anthony Fontanelle|
|26 May 2007||McLaren Mercedes drivers will start from top of 2007 Monaco Grand Prix||Wikinews|
|29 May 2007||McLaren Faces Probe, Subsequent Penalties||Anthony Fontanelle|
|29 May 2007||Team McLaren breaks the rules in Monaco||Alfred Johnson|
|30 May 2007||FIA To Investigate McLaren's Victory||Anthony Fontanelle|
|8 June 2007||Mercedes Chief Names Two Favorite Drivers For McLaren||Anthony Fontanelle|
|14 June 2007||Hamilton Eyes World Title, Alonso Cries Unfair||Anthony Fontanelle|
|19 June 2007||McLaren Mercedes Chalked Up Third Consecutive Win||Anthony Fontanelle|
|26 June 2007||McLaren Aims To Extend Lead||Anthony Fontanelle|
|28 June 2007||McLaren Prepares For Magny-Cours||Anthony Fontanelle|
|4 July 2007||McLaren Faces Ferrari Resurgence||Anthony Fontanelle|
|4 July 2007||Mercedes Motorsports Boss Says Competition Is Good||Anthony Fontanelle|
|12 July 2007||McLaren under investigation||Cindy Ferguson|
|13 July 2007||McLaren Ferrari Battle Rages On||Anthony Fontanelle|
|14 July 2007||Expulsion Threat To McLaren Drivers||Anthony Fontanelle|
|26 July 2007||FIA clears McLaren of allegations by Ferrari||Wikinews|
|27 July 2007||McLaren: Proving Innocence Or Guilt?||Anthony Fontanelle|
|1 August 2007||McLaren Duo Ready To Win||Anthony Fontanelle|
|2 August 2007||McLaren Strikes Back At Ferrari||Anthony Fontanelle|
|4 August 2007||Fernando Alonso y McLaren, sancionados por la FIA||Wikinoticias|
|4 August 2007||McLaren Mercedes drivers snatch the front row for 2007 Hungarian Grand Prix||Wikinews|
|19 August 2007||Hamilton admits problems with Alonso||Audrey Nolan|
|21 August 2007||McLaren's Hungarian Appeal Set||Anthony Fontanelle|
|23 August 2007||Richards Nearing McLaren Pact||Anthony Fontanelle|
|24 August 2007||McLaren Duo: Have They Buried The Hatchet?||Anthony Fontanelle|
|31 August 2007||McLaren Denied Rumors, Dominate Testing||Anthony Fontanelle|
|3 September 2007||Italian Grand Prix - Despite the rain McLaren remains at the top||Claudia Beckford|
|7 September 2007||FIA Letter Puts McLaren Back Into 'Spy Scandal' Hype||Anthony Fontanelle|
|11 September 2007||McLaren Boss Will Not Be Forced Out||Anthony Fontanelle|
|13 September 2007||McLaren Fined in Formula-1 Scandal||Tendai Maphosa|
|13 September 2007||McLaren once again under investigation||Cindy Ferguson|
|13 September 2007||Scandalo in Formula 1: la McLaren esclusa dal mondiale costruttori||Wikinotizie|
|17 September 2007||100 Millionen Geldstrafe für McLaren und keine Konstrukteurspunkte||Wikinews|
|21 September 2007||Resi pubblici i verbali degli interrogatori della FIA||Wikinotizie|
|10 November 2007||De La Rosa Wants McLaren's Vacant Seat||Claudia Beckford|
|28 November 2007||Schumacher Wants McLaren Drive||Anthony Fontanelle|
|7 December 2007||FIA Delays Action in McLaren Spy Case||VOA Sports|
|14 December 2007||Kovalainen Teams With McLaren F1||VOA Sports|
|18 January 2008||Hamilton Inks New Deal With McLaren||VOA Sports|
|25 September 2008||Formel-1-Saison 2008: Der Protest von McLaren-Mercedes wurde abgewiesen||Wikinews|
|3 April 2009||فريق ماكلارين مرسيدس يوقف مديره الرياضي||ويكي الأخبار|
|28 April 2009||McLaren Gets Ready For Punishment for Lying to Stewards||Lemmy Gibson|
|18 April 2010||Formula Uno: Gran Premio di Cina 2010. Doppietta McLaren||Wikinotizie|
|9 March 2011||Pedro Martínez de la Rosa vuelve a la escudería McLaren||Wikinoticias|
|28 September 2012||Confirmed: Lewis Hamilton is leaving McLaren. Perez signs with McLaren for 2013||Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey|
|21 January 2013||McLaren celebrates 50 years in business||Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey|
|22 April 2013||This quote shows the McLaren F1 team do have a soul||Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey|
|16 May 2013||Honda returning to Formula 1 in 2015 as engine supplier to McLaren||Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey|
|28 June 2013||McLaren F1 are selling James Hunt merchandise||Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey|
|12 April 2017||McLaren y Fernando Alonso correrán las 500 Millas de Indianápolis||Wikinoticias|
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