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American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Vehicle Manufacturer

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Official Site: volkswagen.com
Wikipedia: Volkswagen

VW Greats

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Reference Desk
Unidentified Photographs
Article Index
A German manufacturer of cars and SUVs started in 1937 and based in Wolfsburg, Germany. Often abbreviated to VW.

Vehicle names used by Volkswagen throughout its history:  Amarok, Beetle, Cabrio, Cabriolet, Caddy, CC, Concept One, CrossBlue, CrossPolo, e-Co-Motion, Eos, Golf, GTI, Jetta, Karmann Ghia, Microbus, Microbus Concept, Multivan, New Beetle, Passat, Phaeton, Polo, Quantum, Rabbit, Routan, Scirocco, Sharan, Tiguan, Touran, Touareg, Transporter, Type 1, Type 2, Type 3, Type 181, up!, Vanagon, XL1, and XL Sport.

Because of the huge popularity of the Beetle when it was in production and the relatively few other Volkswagen models sometimes the cars were simply referred to as "Volkswagens."

Advertising slogans include: Das Auto, Isn't it time for German engineering?


The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Volkswagen page on 20 July 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Volkswagen AG is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany. Established in 1937, Volkswagen is the top-selling and namesake marque of the Volkswagen Group, the holding company created in 1975 for the growing company, and is now the second-largest automaker in the world.

Volkswagen has three cars in the top 10 list of best-selling cars of all time compiled by the website 24/7 Wall St.: the Volkswagen Golf, the Volkswagen Beetle, and the Volkswagen Passat. With these three cars, Volkswagen has the most cars of any automobile manufacturer in the list that are still being manufactured, which includes model names that span multiple revisions and generations.

Volkswagen translates as "People's Automobile" in German. The company's current international slogan is "Volkswagen". In North America, the pronunciation is Americanized to the approximate "folks-wagon."


Volkswagen is the founding and namesake member of the Volkswagen Group, a large international corporation in charge of multiple car and truck brands, including Audi, SEAT, Lamborghini, Bentley, Bugatti, Scania, and Škoda. Volkswagen Group's global headquarters are located in Volkswagen's historic home of Wolfsburg, Germany.

Volkswagen Group, as a unit, is currently Europe's largest automaker. For a long time, Volkswagen has had a market share over 20 percent.

In 2010, Volkswagen, posted record sales of 6.29 million vehicles, with its global market share at 11.4%. In 2008, Volkswagen became the third largest automaker in the world, and, as of 2012, Volkswagen is the second largest manufacturer worldwide. Volkswagen has aimed to double its US market share from 2% to 4% in 2014, and is aiming to become, sustainably, the world's largest car maker by 2018. Volkswagen Group's core markets include Germany and China.

Worldwide presence

Volkswagen has factories in many parts of the world, manufacturing or assembling vehicles for local markets. Volkswagen has manufacturing or assembly plants in Germany, Mexico, US, Slovakia, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, Malaysia, Brazil, Argentina, Portugal, Spain, Poland, Czech Republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and South Africa. In 2011, Volkswagen was named in the top 25 largest companies in the world by the Forbes Global 2000.

Volkswagen is setting up a new factory in West Java, Indonesia, which started construction in mid-2013,. The investment into the new plant, which will produce large transporters and multivans, is valued at $140 million.

As of May 2014, Volkswagen is planning to start assembling certain engines in India to increase localisation from 70% to 90%.

In January 2016, Volkswagen announced launching a new factory in Algeria during a summit between Angela Merkel and Algerian Prime minister Abdelmalek Sellal.

Reference Desk

The Crittenden Automotive Library's "Reference Desk" is a collection of materials that cannot be shared due to copyright restrictions. Information from these resources, however, can be shared. Go to the Reference Desk page for more information.

2004 BookStandard Catalog of Volkswagen 1946-2004, 3rd Edition by John Gunnell; Krause Publications
2008 MagazineUltra VW by CHPublications Ltd.; 1 issue


23 September 2015 (10:12PM)
Fake Emissions Testing a Blow to Volkswagen Reputation
Zlatica Hoke, VOA News

The revelation that Volkswagen equipped millions of its vehicles worldwide with software that evaded emission controls has dealt a serious blow to the reputation of the German car industry. The United States has opened a criminal investigation into Volkswagen cars sold here, and other countries say they will do the same. The crisis already has cost Volkswagen more than $28 billion in market value with its stock price plummeting. Zlatica Hoke reports.

Download Fake Emissions Testing a Blow to Volkswagen Reputation - 51.4MB - 2:03
1 October 2015 (11:06AM)
Volkswagen's Dirty Diesel Scandal
VOA News
Download Volkswagen's Dirty Diesel Scandal - 25.0MB - 1:03
9 October 2015 (7:00AM)
German, US Officials Investigate Volkswagen
Zlatica Hoke, VOA News

German officials have taken steps to restore some of the reputation their car industry has lost after a recent Volkswagen diesel emissions scandal. Authorities have searched Volkswagen headquarters and other locations in an effort to identify the culprits in the creation of software that helps cheat on emission tests. Meanwhile, a group of lawmakers in Washington held a hearing to get to the bottom of the cheating strategy that was first discovered in the United States. Zlatica Hoke reports.

Download German, US Officials Investigate Volkswagen - 43.2MB - 1:54
7 December 2017
16-16731 Ronald Fleshman, Jr. v. Volkswagen, AG
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

Objectors and class members seeking to opt out, appeal the district court's order approving a mulitdistrict class settlement in In re: Volkswagen "Clean Diesel"Marketing, Sales Practices, and Products Liability Litigation.

Download 16-16731 Ronald Fleshman, Jr. v. Volkswagen, AG - 208MB - 45:18
7 December 2017
16-17060 Ronald Fleshman, Jr. v. Volkswagen, AG
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

Proposed intervenor Ronald Fleshman appeals the district court's denial of his motion to intervene in a multidistrict-litigation proceeding under Fed. R. Civ. P. 24, and as a statutory matter of right, in The United States v. Volkswagen AG.

Download 16-17060 Ronald Fleshman, Jr. v. Volkswagen, AG - 154MB - 37:24

DateMedia or Collection Name & DetailsFiles
24 September 2015Volkswagen Chief Resigns Over Pollution Controls
VOA News

Topic Page
- 3.3MB - 3:36

Unidentified Photographs

The following photographs cannot be identified.  If you know any details about these images, please e-mail admin@carsandracingstuff.com.

Volkswagen Steering Wheel></td>
<td>Photo courtesy of <a href=Image*After
View photo of Volkswagen Steering Wheel - 1,408KB
Volkswagen Steering Wheel></td>
<td>Photo courtesy of <a href=Image*After
View photo of Volkswagen Steering Wheel - 1,293KB


DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
6 March 1968Volkswagenwerk v. FMC
Supreme Court of the United States
20 November 2012Design for Motor Vehicle
United States Patent US D671,034
Klaus Bischoff, Oliver Stefani, and Marco Antonio Pavone for Volkswagen AG

- 1.6MB - 9 pages
20 November 2012Design for Motor Vehicle
United States Patent US D671,035
Klaus Bischoff, Oliver Stefani, and Marco Antonio Pavone for Volkswagen AG

- 1.6MB - 9 pages
11 June 2013Exhaust Gas After-Treatment Having Reduced Rhodium Depletion
United States Patent US 8,459,003
Jörg Theobald, Alf Degen, and Ekkehard Pott for Volkswagen AG

- 6.9MB - 12 pages

Article Index

17 July 2001VW and Corvette Vintage Ad Gallery Advertising Space Available!WestCoastVenture.com Inc.
29 August 2001VW Workers Continue Strike in Mexico Greg Flakus
8 November 2001VW to Cut Jobs in Brazilian PlantVoice of America
30 June 2002Which Volkswagen Are You Most Like? Online Quiz Instantly Determines Your "Inner VW."Auto Glass America
18 February 2003PDA-based diagnostic tool for VWs and Audis now available from Shade Tree Software, LLC.Shade Tree Software, LLC
17 March 2003ProDiag, the VW and Audi Diagnostic Tool, Now Available for Handspring PDAsShade Tree Software, LLC
25 September 2003Volkswagen bugs VWX.com - Files motion of contempt.VWX.com
31 December 2004Grammer Wins Volkswagen Best Supplier AwardGrammer Automotive
23 April 2005VW übernimmt entlassene AEG-Mitarbeiter Wikinews
9 July 2005VW-Affäre: Personalchef Hartz bietet Rücktritt an Wikinews
7 October 2005Ermittlungsverfahren gegen Peter Hartz wegen Untreue Wikinews
21 January 2006Portugal to produce new Volkswagen model in 2008Wikinews
14 May 2006Explosion im Volkswagenwerk in Baunatal Wikinews
17 May 2006Baunatal: Gesundheitsämter warnen nach Brand im VW-Werk Wikinews
22 August 2006Volkswagen Invades 'Download 2006'Stacey Wilson
29 September 2006Volkswagen kehrt zur Fünf-Tage-Woche zurück Wikinews
8 November 2006Bernd Pischetsrieder räumte den VW-Chefsessel Wikinews
17 November 2006Martin Winterkorn zum neuen VW-Chef gekürt Wikinews
18 November 2006Christian Wulff will Einfluss von Porsche auf VW zurückdrängen Wikinews
20 November 2006Jüttner fordert Rückzug Wulffs aus dem VW-Aufsichtsrat Wikinews
22 November 2006Die Volkswagen AG will am Standort Brüssel Arbeitsplätze abbauen Wikinews
3 December 2006Demonstration gegen die Streichung von Arbeitsplätzen im Brüsseler VW-Werk Wikinews
4 December 2006Rupert Stadler wird Nachfolger von Martin Winterkorn bei Audi Wikinews
12 February 2007Volkswagen Shows the Future of Clean Vehicles at Sustainability SummitAnthony Fontanelle
13 February 2007EU-Gerichtsgutachter: VW-Gesetz verstößt gegen Europarecht Wikinews
24 March 2007Porsche will seine Anteile bei VW auf über 30 Prozent aufstocken Wikinews
30 March 2007Volkswagen Cars Named Finalists for Ad AwardsAnthony Fontanelle
9 April 2007Im VW-Werk Emden sollen bald auch Audi-Modelle vom Band rollen Wikinews
10 April 2007Audi dementiert: Keine Produktion im VW-Werk Emden geplant Wikinews
8 May 2007VW Investors Turn Down Porsche's Low-Ball OfferAnthony Fontanelle
12 May 2007VW-Führungsgremien empfehlen den Aktionären die Ablehnung des Porsche-Übernahmeangebots Wikinews
21 May 2007CAAS Signed Supply Agreement With VW Joint Venture In ChinaAnthony Fontanelle
15 June 2007VW-Affäre: SPD-Landtagsabgeordneter Lenz legt Mandat nieder Wikinews
3 July 2007Volkswagen Sees 25% Gain In 2007Anthony Fontanelle
19 July 2007VW Troubled By NBC Uni DealAnthony Fontanelle
25 July 2007VW, Proton Nearing Partnership AgreementAnthony Fontanelle
7 August 2007Volkswagen Closing In On ProtonAnthony Fontanelle
13 August 2007Volkswagen's Bourne Ultimatum Tie-Up Done In Good TasteAnthony Fontanelle
23 August 2007Volkswagen Breaks Sales RecordAnthony Fontanelle
30 August 2007VW, Apple To Produce An iCar?Anthony Fontanelle
3 September 2007VW Launches New Formula 3 EngineAnthony Fontanelle
13 September 2007Volkswagen To Unveil 12 Models To Spice Up CompetitionAnthony Fontanelle
14 September 2007American Market: VW's Top PriorityAnthony Fontanelle
18 September 2007VW, German Society For Nature Conservation NABU Join Frankfurt Auto ShowAnthony Fontanelle
28 September 2007Volkswagen Bags Triple Lead; Sainz In FrontAnthony Fontanelle
28 September 2007Volkswagen's Diesels To Visit AltWheels FestivalAnthony Fontanelle
28 September 2007VW Dieselution Pushes Clean Diesel TechnologyAnthony Fontanelle
24 October 2007Фольксваген может перейти под контроль Порше Викиновости
24 November 2007VW's Goal: To Overtake Toyota By 2018Anthony Fontanelle
7 December 2007VW Eyes Factory Site In North AmericaAnthony Fontanelle
8 January 2008VW, Tata Motors Plan Thai PlantsAnthony Fontanelle
11 January 2008VW Widens ‘07 China Passenger Car Sales Lead Over GMAnthony Fontanelle
17 January 2008VW Inks Record Sales Of 6.2M Units In 2007Anthony Fontanelle
21 January 2008Volkswagen Expects Sales Growth On Skoda, VW BrandsAnthony Fontanelle
27 February 2008VW Group To Host Job FairAnthony Fontanelle
13 March 2008VW erzielte bei Automobilen eine Kapitalrendite von 9,5 Prozent Wikinews
14 March 2008Porsche kämpft mit dem Land Niedersachsen um Einfluss bei VW Wikinews
20 April 2008VW erwartet 2008 gute Geschäfte auf dem chinesischen Markt Wikinews
29 May 2008Volkswagen Hybrid For 2010Anthony Fontanelle
28 June 2008Langzeittests mit 20 Elektroautos in Berlin Wikinews
22 November 2008Finding Unique Volkswagen PartsMartin Reister
23 November 2008Volkswagen Parts With ClassMartin Reister
19 December 2008How Do Luxury Performance Parts Benefit You?Martin Reister
19 December 2008Why Should You Buy Luxury Performance Parts For Your Vehicle?Martin Reister
11 January 2009What Is The Revolution-Vario Plus Control Module?Martin Reister
11 February 2009VW will vorerst auf die Markteinführung von Elektroautos verzichten Wikinews
13 February 2009Verwirrung um Haltung von VW zu Elektroautos Wikinews
7 May 2009Porsche and Volkswagen automakers agree to mergerWikinews
14 July 2009Volkswagen will ab 2013 Elektroautos anbieten Wikinews
24 July 2009Porsche-Übernahme durch die Volkswagen AG perfekt – Wiedeking tritt zurück Wikinews
27 July 2009VW plant milliardenschwere Kapitalerhöhung zur Finanzierung der Porsche-Übernahme Wikinews
6 January 2011German Automakers, China to Sign Billion-Dollar DealsVOA Breaking News
13 January 2011VW's transparent factoryGus Philpott, The Woodstock Advocate
24 February 2011Approval of Manufacturing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 134, Volkswagen Group of America Chattanooga Operations, LLC (Motor Vehicles), Chattanooga, TNRonald K. Lorentzen
Andrew McGilvray
24 October 2011Volkswagen Could Grab Car Industry Top Seller HonorsVOA Breaking News
5 July 2012German Carmaker Volkswagen Set To Takeover PorscheVOA Breaking News
5 July 2012VW buys Porsche for £3.6bn Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
6 July 2012Volkswagen покупает Porsche Викиновости
30 August 2012Компания Volkswagen вложит в экономику России еще один миллиард евро Викиновости
2 December 2012Brazilian barn find - 23 Volkswagen SP2s Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
24 April 2013Volkswagen Group release financial stats. We work out how much profit they make per car Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
19 July 2013Will GM and Volkswagen Eventually Become Chinese Companies? Jason Lancaster
22 August 2013Look at the size of VW's massive display at Frankfurt Motor Show Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
27 November 2013Volkswagen Is Investing Vast Amounts Of Money In New Stuff Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
10 January 2014VW Keep Up The WRC Pressure For 2014 Geoff Maxted, DriveWrite Automotive
23 January 2014Has Volkswagen Backed The Wrong Technology? Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
15 February 2014UAW Mulls Legal Action After VW Tennessee Plant VoteVOA News
17 July 2014Volkswagen To Buy Fiat?Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
24 February 2015Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 134--Chattanooga, Tennessee; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Volkswagen Group of America Chattanooga Operations, LLC; (Motor Vehicles); Chattanooga, TennesseeFederal Register: Foreign-Trade Zones Board (Andrew McGilvray)
5 June 2015Authorization of Production Activity, Foreign-Trade Zone 134, Volkswagen Group of America Chattanooga Operations, LLC, (Passenger Motor Vehicles), Chattanooga, TennesseeFederal Register: Foreign-Trade Zones Board (Andrew McGilvray)
19 September 2015US Accuses Volkswagen of Evading Clean Air LawsVOA News
21 September 2015US Justice Department to Open Criminal Probe of VWVOA News
21 September 2015Shares of VW Drop 13% After Intentional False Emission DataVOA News
22 September 2015Corporate Culture in the Automobile IndustrySenator Bill Nelson
22 September 2015Volkswagen and Audi's uphill climb to regain trust John Goreham
22 September 2015Volkswagen engulfed by diesel emissions scandalWikinews
22 September 2015VW Admits 11 Million Cars Fitted With Sneaky SoftwareVOA News
24 September 2015Just a Thought on Volkswagen's "Scandal"...Bill Crittenden
24 September 2015VolkswagenSenator Amy Klobuchar
24 September 2015Volkswagen CEO resigns after emissions scandalWikinews
24 September 2015Volkswagen Chief Resigns Over Pollution Cheat VOA News
26 September 2015Switzerland Suspends Sales of Volkswagen Diesel VehiclesVOA News
27 September 2015Volkswagen Reportedly Ignored Warnings on Emissions CheatingVOA News
28 September 2015Ex-VW Boss Winterkorn Investigated for FraudVOA News
2 October 2015France Opens Investigation Into Volkswagen ScandalVOA News
7 October 2015Volkswagen Elects New Chairman of its Board of DirectorsVOA News
8 October 2015VW’s US Executive Apologizes for Emissions ScandalVOA News
3 November 2015More Problems Revealed on Volkswagen CarsVOA News
4 November 2015Volkswagen emissions scandal may affect thousands more carsWikinews
7 November 2015Report: VW to Compensate Some US Car OwnersVOA News
9 November 2015VW to Offer $1,000 Payments to US OwnersKen Bredemeier, VOA News
9 December 2015VW: Problem With CO2 Emissions Smaller than First ThoughtVOA News
4 January 2016US Sues VW Over Bogus Emissions SoftwareVOA News
20 January 2016Global auto industry ‘Pressure Cooker’ could have led VW to cheat emissions tests, says new research by Oxford SaïdSaïd Business School
19 February 2016Prosecutors Raid Seoul Volkswagen OfficeKatherine Gypson & Fern Robinson, VOA News
22 February 2016Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 134--Chattanooga, Tennessee; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Volkswagen Group of America Chattanooga Operations, LLC; (Motor Vehicles); Chattanooga, TennesseeFederal Register: DoC (Andrew McGilvray)
21 April 2016Volkswagen to Buy Back Cars, Pay $1 Billion in Emissions-Cheating CaseVOA News
21 April 2016Volkswagen, US Government Reach Emissions DealVOA News
10 May 2016Volkswagen Group of America, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential NoncomplianceFederal Register: NHTSA (Jeffrey M. Giuseppe)
23 May 2016Certain Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Components Thereof, Institution of InvestigationFederal Register: ITC (Lisa R. Barton)
17 June 2016Authorization of Production Activity, Foreign-Trade Zone 134, Volkswagen Group of America Chattanooga Operations, LLC (Passenger Motor Vehicles), Chattanooga, TennesseeFederal Register: DoC (Elizabeth Whiteman)
28 June 2016VW Agrees to Nearly $15B in US Settlement Over Emissions ScandalVOA News
29 July 2016Volkswagen Adds CarChat24 as VW Dealer Digital Program PartnerCarChat24
2 August 2016South Korea Bans 80 Volkswagen Models, Fines Company $16 MillionVOA News
20 August 2016There Are Lots of Reasons To Tweak VW Production Scheduled, Sometimes It’s Just BalanceMarc Stern, TorqueNews
23 October 2016Judge Approves Record $14.7 Billion Volkswagen SettlementVOA News
2 November 2016Volkswagen confirma su retiro del Campeonato Mundial de Rally Wikinoticias
18 November 2016VW to Cut Jobs for Profitability, Recovery From 'Dieselgate' ScandalVOA News
7 December 2016Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 134--Chattanooga, Tennessee; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Volkswagen Group of America--Chattanooga Operations, LLC; (Passenger Motor Vehicles); Chattanooga, TennesseeFederal Register: DoC (Andrew McGilvray)
20 December 2016Volkswagen Reaches $1B Deal with US, California Over Emissions CheatingKen Schwartz, VOA News
9 January 2017US Charges Former VW Executive with ConspiracyVOA News
14 January 2017EE.UU. logra acuerdo con Volkswagen por pruebas de emisiones Wikinoticias
7 February 2017Certain Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Components Thereof; Termination of Investigation on the Basis of SettlementFederal Register: ITC (Lisa R. Barton)
30 March 2017Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 134--Chattanooga, Tennessee; Authorization of Production Activity (Passenger Motor Vehicle Production), Chattanooga, TennesseeFederal Register: DoC (Andrew McGilvray)
24 May 2017An Overview of VW’s Racing DivisionWill Hope
4 August 2017Volkswagen Executive Pleads Guilty in 'Dieselgate' ScandalVOA News
6 December 20177 Years in Prison for Former Top Volkswagen ManagerVOA News
6 December 2017Why Ex-VW exec receives 7 years, $400,000 fine for role in DieselgateMarc Stern, TorqueNews
15 December 2017VW: Some Employees Cooperated With Brazil's Military DictatorshipVOA News
12 February 2018Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 134--Chattanooga, Tennessee; Notification of Proposed Production Activity: Volkswagen Group of America--Chattanooga Operations, LLC (Passenger Motor Vehicles), Chattanooga, TennesseeFederal Register: DoC (Andrew McGilvray)
14 February 2018Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 134--Chattanooga, Tennessee; Authorization of Production Activity; (Passenger Motor Vehicles); Chattanooga, TennesseeFederal Register: DoC (Andrew McGilvray)
22 March 2018BMW of North America, LLC--Receipt of Petition for Temporary Exemption From FMVSS No. 108 for Adaptive Driving Beam; BMW of North America, LLC and Volkswagen Group of America--Request for Certain Information To Support Petitions for Adaptive Driving BeamsFederal Register: NHTSA (Raymond R. Posten)
13 June 2018Volkswagen Fined Nearly $1.2 Billion in Emissions ScandalVOA News
9 July 2018Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--Cooperative Research Group on Hedge IVFederal Register: DoJ (Suzanne Morris)

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